Chia-en A. Chang

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We present a one-bead coarse-grained model that enables dynamical simulations of proteins on the time scale of tens of microseconds. The parameterization of the force field includes accurate conformational terms that allow for fast and reliable exploration of the configurational space. The model is applied to the dynamics of flap opening in HIV-1 protease.(More)
The internal motions of proteins may serve as a "gate" in some systems, which controls ligand-protein association. This study applies Brownian dynamics simulations in a coarse-grained model to study the gated association rate constants of HIV-1 proteases and drugs. The computed gated association rate constants of three protease mutants, G48V/V82A/I84V/L90M,(More)
We analyze the encounter of a peptide substrate with the native HIV-1 protease, the mechanism of substrate incorporation in the binding cleft, and the dissociation of products after substrate hydrolysis. To account for the substrate, we extend a coarse-grained model force field, which we previously developed to study the flap opening dynamics of HIV-1(More)
T-Analyst is a user-friendly computer program for analyzing trajectories from molecular modeling. Instead of using Cartesian coordinates for protein conformational analysis, T-Analyst is based on internal bond-angle-torsion coordinates in which internal torsion angle movements, such as side-chain rotations, can be easily detected. The program computes(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphopeptide-binding domains mediate many vital cellular processes such as signal transduction and protein recognition. We studied three well-known domains important for signal transduction: BRCT repeats, WW domain and forkhead-associated (FHA) domain. The first two recognize both phosphothreonine (pThr) and phosphoserine (pSer) residues, but(More)
Proteins can be viewed as small-world networks of amino acid residues connected through noncovalent interactions. Nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift covariance analyses were used to identify long-range amino acid networks in the α subunit of tryptophan synthase both for the resting state (in the absence of substrate and product) and for the working(More)
The regulation of a series of cellular events requires specific protein-protein interactions, which are usually mediated by modular domains to precisely select a particular sequence from diverse partners. However, most signaling domains can bind to more than one peptide sequence. How do proteins create promiscuity from precision? Moreover, these complex(More)
The restriction of a small molecule's motion on binding to a protein causes a loss of configurational entropy, and thus a penalty in binding affinity. Some energy models used in computer-aided ligand design neglect this entropic penalty, whereas others account for it based on an expected drop in the number of accessible rotamers upon binding. However, the(More)