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Rain removal from a video is a challenging problem and has been recently investigated extensively. Nevertheless, the problem of rain removal from a single image was rarely studied in the literature, where no temporal information among successive images can be exploited, making the problem very challenging. In this paper, we propose a single-image-based rain(More)
— In transcoding, simply reusing the motion vectors extracted from an incoming video bit stream may not result in the best quality. In this paper, we show that the incoming motion vectors become nonoptimal due to the reconstruction errors. To achieve the best video quality possible, a new motion estimation should be performed in the transcoder. We propose a(More)
Saliency detection plays important roles in many image processing applications, such as regions of interest extraction and image resizing. Existing saliency detection models are built in the uncompressed domain. Since most images over Internet are typically stored in the compressed domain such as joint photographic experts group (JPEG), we propose a novel(More)
—With the proliferation of online multimedia content, the popularity of multimedia streaming technology, and the establishment of MPEG video coding standards, it is important to investigate how to efficiently implement an MPEG video streaming system. Digital video cassette recording (VCR) func-tionality (such as random access, fast forward, fast reverse,(More)
—With the wide applications of saliency information in visual signal processing, many saliency detection methods have been proposed. However, some key characteristics of the human visual system (HVS) are still neglected in building these saliency detection models. In this paper, we propose a new saliency detection model based on the human visual sensitivity(More)
—Decomposition of an image into multiple semantic components has been an effective research topic for various image processing applications such as image denoising, enhancement, and inpainting. In this paper, we present a novel self-learning based image decomposition framework. Based on the recent success of sparse representation, the proposed framework(More)
Chitooligosaccharides (COS) have been shown to regulate various cellular and biological functions. However, the effect of COS on inflammatory responses of the cells remains unclear. We investigated the regulatory effect of highly N-acetylated COS (NACOS) on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced endothelial cell (EC) E-selectin expression, which is(More)
—We consider the scenario of using Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ) retransmission for two-way low-bit-rate video communications over wireless Rayleigh fading channels. Low-delay constraint may require that a corrupted retransmitted packet not be retransmitted again, and thus there will be packet errors at the decoder which results in video quality(More)