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Rain removal from a video is a challenging problem and has been recently investigated extensively. Nevertheless, the problem of rain removal from a single image was rarely studied in the literature, where no temporal information among successive images can be exploited, making the problem very challenging. In this paper, we propose a single-image-based rain(More)
— In transcoding, simply reusing the motion vectors extracted from an incoming video bit stream may not result in the best quality. In this paper, we show that the incoming motion vectors become nonoptimal due to the reconstruction errors. To achieve the best video quality possible, a new motion estimation should be performed in the transcoder. We propose a(More)
Saliency detection plays important roles in many image processing applications, such as regions of interest extraction and image resizing. Existing saliency detection models are built in the uncompressed domain. Since most images over Internet are typically stored in the compressed domain such as joint photographic experts group (JPEG), we propose a novel(More)
—With the proliferation of online multimedia content, the popularity of multimedia streaming technology, and the establishment of MPEG video coding standards, it is important to investigate how to efficiently implement an MPEG video streaming system. Digital video cassette recording (VCR) func-tionality (such as random access, fast forward, fast reverse,(More)
—We consider the scenario of using Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ) retransmission for two-way low-bit-rate video communications over wireless Rayleigh fading channels. Low-delay constraint may require that a corrupted retransmitted packet not be retransmitted again, and thus there will be packet errors at the decoder which results in video quality(More)
Innate immune responses have been shown to influence brain development and function. Dysregulation of innate immunity is significantly associated with psychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia, which are well-known neurodevelopmental disorders. Recent studies have revealed that critical players of the innate immune response(More)
Sarm1 is the fifth Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptor protein identified to regulate TLR downstream signaling. Unlike the other TIR domain-containing adaptor proteins, Sarm1 is predominantly expressed in the brain. Our previous study indicated that Sarm1 regulates dendritic growth, axonal extension and neuronal polarity. Here, we(More)
—In this paper, we propose a fast coarse-to-fine video retrieval scheme using shot-level spatio-temporal statistics. The scheme consists of a two-step coarse search followed by a fine search. In the coarse search stage, the shot-level motion and color distribution is computed as spatio-temporal features for shot matching. The first-step coarse search uses(More)