Chia-Ming Chu

Learn More
BACKGROUND We investigated the temporal progression of the clinical, radiological, and virological changes in a community outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). METHODS We followed up 75 patients for 3 weeks managed with a standard treatment protocol of ribavirin and corticosteroids, and assessed the pattern of clinical disease, viral load,(More)
During the course of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion to its antibody (anti-HBe) often coincides with normalization of liver biochemical test and clinical remission, but data regarding long-term outcome after spontaneous seroconversion are still scarce. Excluding patients with other virus(es) concurrent(More)
Since the introduction of the hepatitis B vaccine and other preventive measures, the worldwide prevalence of hepatitis B infection has fallen. However, chronic infection remains a challenging global health problem, with more than 350 million people chronically infected and at risk of hepatic decompensation, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. An(More)
The origin and characteristics of the first naturally occurring temperature-sensitive (ts) strain of influenza A virus identified in 1973, Xia-ts, are described. Natural ts strains were found to occur in the early egg passage material of all influenza A subtypes examined, but the proportion of ts virus varied from 8.3% for old H1N1 virus (1949 to 1957) to(More)
UNLABELLED The optimal duration of nucelos(t)ide analog (Nuc) treatment in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is unknown. The Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) guidelines recommend that treatment can be discontinued if undetectable HBV-DNA has been documented on three(More)
UNLABELLED Spontaneous hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance in chronic HBV infection has long been suggested as a rare event in high endemic areas. The prevalence of HBsAg in the general population of Taiwan, however, decreased remarkably from 15%-20% before age 40 to 5%-10% after age 60 or 70. This study aimed to reexamine the rates of HBsAg(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Spontaneous hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance is a rare event in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The aim of this study was to clarify the controversy on long-term prognosis following spontaneous HBsAg seroclearance using a large series of patients. METHODS A total of 218 patients (172 men and 46 women)(More)
Tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate (YMDD)-motif mutants may emerge and elicit immune clearance during prolonged lamivudine treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the virological events following development of the original mutants. Twenty-three patients who developed YMDD-motif mutants during the Asian lamivudine trial were included.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Longitudinal studies on the relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and reactivation of hepatitis B and progression to cirrhosis were very rare. METHODS Liver biochemistry, virological markers and ultrasound were monitored in 202 hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients with normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at(More)
BACKGROUND Natural history studies of hepatitis B virus infection have shown relapse of hepatitis in 5% to 15% of patients and progression to cirrhosis in 2% to 6% annually. Follow-up of patients beginning at the early phase of infection might provide data with less referral bias than in previous studies. METHODS Test of liver biochemistry, assessment of(More)