Chia-Ling Liu

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Mobile marketing provides an innovative channel for transmitting advertising messages to customers via mobile devices. The growth of mobile advertising in recent years requires that researchers and practitioners understand consumer perceptions of this form of advertising. The purpose of this paper is to investigate factors influencing the perception of(More)
The fumes from cooking oil, similar to cigarette smoke, contain numerous carcinogens such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic amines, nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. In this study, we examined the association between exposure to cooking oil fumes and the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasm. The study population in this nested(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many epidemiological studies have investigated the relationship between p53 codon 72 polymorphism and cervical cancer risk, but the findings are still conflicting. In contrast, data are lacking on the relationship between XRCC1 polymorphism and cervical neoplasm risk. This community-based nested case-control study examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to examine loss to follow-up on the use of diagnostic or intervention services for Massachusetts infants and children screened or diagnosed with hearing loss and risk factors for becoming lost to follow-up. METHODS We used data from the Massachusetts Childhood Hearing Data System and Early Intervention Information(More)
PURPOSE To determine levels of families' satisfaction and anxiety associated with the early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) process in Massachusetts, and to assess the relationship between a child's hearing status and levels of family satisfaction. METHOD Surveys were mailed to families whose infants (a) passed their initial hearing screening(More)
To examine the relationship of availability and quality of a usual source of care (USC) to medical expenditures overall and for various types of health care services for children with special health care needs (CSHCN), as a group and by four diagnostic subgroups (asthma, non-asthmatic physical conditions, mental retardation, other mental illnesses).(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the total number, recruitment rate, departure rate, and growth rate of full-time academic dermatologists in the United States over the last decade. DESIGN Mail survey. SETTING Academic dermatology departments in the United States. PARTICIPANTS Respondents among 113 chairs or chiefs of academic dermatology departments or their(More)
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) contains relatively high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), a metabolite of pyrene, is a good indicator of PAH exposure in occupational studies. In this study, we investigated the relationship between urinary 1-OHP concentration and ETS exposure in preschool children.(More)
Cigarette smoke is one of the most important environmental risk factors for the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasms (CINs). Given that the prevalence of cigarette smoking in Taiwanese women is very low, compared with Caucasian women (3-4% vs. approximately 28%, respectively), direct smoking is likely a minimal risk factor in the Taiwanese(More)