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In order to span NII (National Information Infrastructure) into the homes, the community cable TV networks have to be re-engineered to support two-way interactive services. In this work, we propose PCUP (Pipelined Cyclic Upstream Protocol) as the upstream MAC (Medium Access Control) protocol for HFC (Hybrid Fiber Coax) community access network. PCUP is(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine risk factors for urinary tract infection (UTI) after urodynamic examination by evaluating patients' clinical characteristics and urodynamic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two hundred and sixty-one female patients (mean age 58.7 ± 12.3 years) from May to December 2011 who had lower urinary tract symptoms or needed definite(More)
Airway infiltration by eosinophils is a major characteristic of chronic asthma. CCL11 (eotaxin-1) is secreted by lung epithelial cells and functions as the major chemokine for eosinophil recruitment. Pseudotyped adeno-associated virus (AAV) 2/9, composed by the AAV2 rep and AAV9 cap genes, can efficiently target lung epithelial cells and might carry gene(More)
OBJECTIVE Using a population-based nationwide database, we describe the changing surgical trends for laparoscopy or laparotomy for benign ovarian tumors among hospitals of different accreditation levels in Taiwan (medical centers, regional hospitals, and local hospitals). MATERIALS AND METHODS Women who had National Health Insurance and received either(More)
Data-Over-Cable Service Interface Specifications v1.1 (DOCSIS v1.1), developed for data transmissions over Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) networks, defines five upstream services for supporting per-flow Quality of Services (QoS). The cable modem termination system (CMTS) must periodically grant upstream transmission opportunities to the QoS flows based on their(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of concomitant trocar-guided transvaginal mesh (TVM) surgery with a midurethral sling (MUS) for treating women with advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or occult SUI (OSUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty-nine women with advanced POP and(More)
The purpose of our study was to describe the surgical trends for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) during 2006–2010, and a time-frame comparison with 1997–2005, based upon the National Health Insurance (NHI) claims data in Taiwan. Women who underwent various primary surgeries for SUI during 2006–2010 were identified, with a total of 15,099(More)
RATIONALE Actively acquired tolerance occurs when foreign antigens come into contact with the immature fetal immune system. OBJECTIVES Armed with the knowledge of actively acquired tolerance, we attempted to prenatally abolish or diminish allergic responses. METHODS In utero injection of adjuvant-free ovalbumin (OVA) was conducted in Gestational Day 14(More)
Allergic airway inflammation driven by T helper 2 (Th2)-type immunity is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, eosinophilic infiltration, and elevated IgE production. Various novel strategies for managing asthma have been explored, such as DNA vaccines, T-cell peptides, and allergen-specific immunotherapy. A principal goal of most immunotherapeutic(More)