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BACKGROUND/AIMS Severe acute exacerbation (AE) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) can lead to hepatic decompensation and death. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lamivudine therapy in hepatic decompensation during such AEs. METHODS In a 10-month period, a total of 60 consecutive AE patients with jaundice and prolonged prothrombin time over(More)
Baicalein is known as a 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) inhibitor. The 12-LOX is found to be involved in the progression of human cancers and the inhibitor of 12-LOX offers a target for the prevention cancer. We demonstrated the inhibitory effect of baicalein on the gene and protein expression of 12-LOX in H460 human lung nonsmall carcinoma cell line. Treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is an effective treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, there is no consensus for the surgical treatment of GERD in morbidly obese patients. METHODS Twenty-five morbidly obese patients with GERD underwent our novel procedure, laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with gastric plication(More)
Acute p.o. administration of 99.5% ethanol (0.1 ml) to fasted mice produced heart toxicity. Pretreatment with p.o. administration of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) could prevent such toxicity effectively and dose-dependently. The maximal antioxidative effect against 99.5% ethanol-induced heart toxicity could be observed at 1 hour after TMP administration. In(More)
OBJECTIVES Free radicals and lipid peroxides, both of which are easily formed in the diabetic state, play an important role in the development of diabetic complications. Antioxidative therapy may help prevent diabetic complications caused by lipoperoxidation and free-radical formation in diabetes mellitus (DM). A number of findings suggest that oxidative(More)
We report measurements of diamagnetic shifts for different exciton complexes confined in small InAs quantum dots. The measured diamagnetic responses are sensitive to the number of carriers in the exciton complexes, with systematic differences between neutral excitons, biexcitons, and trions. Theoretical calculations suggest that such systematic differences(More)
Arctium lappa Linne (burdock) is a perennial herb which is popularly cultivated as a vegetable. In order to evaluate its hepatoprotective effects, a group of rats (n = 10) was fed a liquid ethanol diet (4 g of absolute ethanol/ 80 ml of liquid basal diet) for 28 days and another group (n = 10) received a single intraperitoneal injection of 0.5 ml/kg carbon(More)
BACKGROUND Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and its related disease, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), are life-threatening drug hypersensitivities with robust immune responses to drugs. Despite the strong HLA predisposition to drug hypersensitivities, such as HLA-B∗1502 to carbamazepine (CBZ)-induced SJS/TEN, it remains unknown whether particular T-cell(More)
Luteolin is an active compound from the Lonicera japonica (Caprifoliaceae). Luteolin (50 microM)-induced human lung carcinoma CH27 cell apoptosis is a typical apoptosis that was accompanied by a significant DNA condensation and apoptotic body formation. Luteolin-induced apoptosis is related to its ability to change the expression of apoptotic markers, such(More)
Luteolin (3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone) is an active constituent of Lonicera japonica (Caprifoliaceae), and has been reported to produce anti-tumor activities. However, the apoptosis-inducing activity of luteolin still remains unknown. Flavonoids have been found to possess prooxidant and antioxidant action. The biological and pharmacological effect of(More)