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Patulin (PAT) is a fungal secondary metabolite that exhibits potential cellular and animal toxicities. In this study, human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells were used to elucidate the mechanism and death mode associated with PAT. Morphological evidence of apoptosis, including membrane blebbing, nuclei fragmentation and DNA laddering formation was(More)
We retrospectively analysed 106 consecutive traumatic humeral shaft fractures over a five-year period. The mechanism of injury, age, gender, fracture types, associated injury and the presence of injury to the radial nerve were reviewed. The incidence was about 10 per 100,000 per year; most were closed fractures in young males which had been sustained as a(More)
Here we describe the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, which is an extremely rare species of deepwater shark. The circle genome (16,694 bp) consists of 13 protein coding, 22 tRNA, 2 rRNA genes and 1 control region. It has the typical vertebrate mitochondrial gene arrangement.
Interleukin enhancer binding factor (ILF) is a human transcription factor and a new member of the winged helix/forkhead family. ILF can bind to purine-rich regulatory motifs such as the human T-cell leukemia virus-long terminal region and the interleukin-2 promoter. Here we report the 2.4 A crystal structure of two DNA binding domains of ILF (FOXK1a)(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome of the great white shark having 16,744 bp and including 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA genes, 1 replication origin region and 1 control region. The mitochondrial gene arrangement of the great white shark is the same as the one observed in the most vertebrates. Base composition of the genome is A(More)
PURPOSE Primary cancer of the external auditory canal (EAC) is a rare disease with poor prognosis. Because of the rarity of this entity, there is no large series for staging, treatments, and outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the treatment modalities and outcomes for malignant tumors of EAC at our institute, comparing with other studies. (More)
FXYD proteins are novel regulators of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase (NKA). In fish subjected to salinity challenges, NKA activity in osmoregulatory organs (e.g., gills) is a primary driving force for the many ion transport systems that act in concert to maintain a stable internal environment. Although teleostean FXYD proteins have been identified and investigated,(More)
Chondrosarcoma is a type of highly malignant tumor with a potent capacity for local invasion and causing distant metastasis. Chondrosarcoma shows a predilection for metastasis to the lungs. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been demonstrated to stimulate cancer proliferation, migration, and metastasis. However, the effect of HGF on migration activity of(More)
OBJECTIVE Conventional methods for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy (TB pleurisy) are either invasive or have a long turn-around-time. Performances of pleural adenosine deaminase (ADA), ADA2, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) as diagnostic tools for TB pleurisy were evaluated. METHODS Eighty-eight patients with(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome of the salmon shark consists of 16,699 bp and includes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 1 replication origin region and 1 control region. The mitochondrial gene arrangement of the salmon shark is the same as that of most vertebrates. Base composition of the genome is A (29.6%), T(More)