Chia Geun Chen

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cDNAs and corresponding genomic clones encoding a putative proline-rich protein (NaPRP3) were isolated from libraries prepared from Nicotiana alata style mRNA and genomic DNA. The predicted NaPRP3 protein is structurally similar to extensin in containing six copies of the characteristic extensin sequence Ser-Pro4, but differs in being smaller (151 residues(More)
Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are proteoglycans containing a high proportion of carbohydrate (typically > 90%) linked to a protein backbone rich in hydroxyproline (Hyp), Ala, Ser, and Thr. They are widely distributed in plants and may play a role in development. The structure of the carbohydrate of some AGPs is known in detail but information regarding(More)
This paper reports the isolation of cDNAs encoding the protein backbone of two arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs), one from pear cell suspension cultures (AGPPc2) and the other from suspension cultures of Nicotiana alata (AGPNa2). The proteins encoded by these cDNAs are quite different from the 'classical' AGP backbones described previously for AGPs isolated(More)
Parasites have evolved a plethora of strategies to ensure their survival. The intracellular parasite Theileria parva secures its propagation and spreads through the infected animal by infecting and transforming T cells, inducing their continuous proliferation and rendering them metastatic. In previous work, we have shown that the parasite induces(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic modification of pigs is a powerful strategy that may ultimately enable successful xenotransplantation of porcine organs into humans. METHODS Transgenic pigs were produced by microinjection of gene constructs for human complement regulatory proteins CD55 and CD59 and the enzyme alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase (H-transferase, HT), which(More)
BACKGROUND Organs from transgenic animals with high-level endothelial expression of the human complement regulatory factors CD55 and CD59 are significantly protected from human complement-mediated injury. Elimination or reduction of the major xenoepitope alphaGal, achieved by knocking out the alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase gene (Gal KO) or expressing human(More)
BACKGROUND Inactivation of the alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase (GalT) gene by homologous recombination (knockout [KO] mice) and competition for the enzyme's N-acetyllactosamine substrate by transgenically expressed alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase (H-transferase) are two genetic approaches to elimination of the Gal alpha1,3Gal (alphaGal) epitope, which is the(More)
Although originally generated to test the effect of eliminating the alpha-Gal epitope on HAR, it is becoming increasingly clear that GalT KO mice offer a convenient and inexpensive model to investigate many aspects of the anti-xenorgraft immune response. Clearly, not all aspects of anti-xenograft rejection responses are identical in mice and primates, which(More)
The activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB is tightly regulated by the inhibitory molecule IkappaBalpha. Upon stimulation, IkappaBalpha is rapidly degraded and NF-kappaB translocates to the nucleus to induce gene expression. The IkappaBalpha degradation is preceded by phosphorylation, suggesting that this event plays a role in the activation of(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of human alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase (H-transferase, HT) has been proposed as an alternative strategy to alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase (GT) gene knockout, which is not currently feasible in pigs, to reduce the galactose-alpha1,3-galactose (Gal) epitope expression. HT expression has recently been shown in transgenic mice and pigs(More)