Chia-Chyuan Liu

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Limited research has been performed on S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) or homocysteine (Hcy)-evoked cell damage in hepatic and neuronal cells. In this study, we assessed effects of SAH or Hcy on cell cytotoxicity and DNA damage in hepatic and neuronal cells and attempted to find the underlying mechanism. Cell cytotoxicity and DNA damage were evaluated in(More)
BACKGROUND Herein, we compared the effectiveness of different small volume resuscitation in a rat model of heatstroke. METHODS Anesthetized rats, immediately after the onset of heatstroke, were randomly divided into 5 groups and given the following: (a) nothing; (b) 0.9% NaCl (1-10 mL/kg of body weight, i.v.); (c) hydroxyethyl starch (HAES) (6%, 1-10(More)
UVA contributes to the pathogenesis of skin aging by downregulation of procollagen I content and induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-associated responses. Application of antioxidants such as lycopene has been demonstrated as a convenient way to achieve protection against skin aging. Lycogen™, derived from the extracts of Rhodobacter sphaeroides,(More)
In this study, we investigated the acute hemodynamic effects of an infusion of the endothelin-1 (ET-1)-A-selective receptor antagonists BQ-610 and BQ-123 in heatstroke rats with circulatory shock and cerebral ischemia. Heatstroke was induced by putting the anesthetized adult Sprague-Dawley rats into an ambient temperature of 42 degrees C. The moment in(More)
The initiation of atherosclerosis involves up-regulation of molecules such as E-selectin, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1. The progression of atherosclerosis is linked to proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cell via MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities. However, the etiology of atherosclerosis concerning plasticizers is unknown. We evaluated β-thujaplicin in(More)
We hypothesized that hydroxyethyl starch (HES), which maintains colloid osmotic pressure and potentially "seals" capillary leaks, would ameliorate circulatory shock and cerebral ischemia during heatstroke in a rat model. Animals under urethane anesthesia were exposed to high ambient temperature (Ta) of 42 degrees C until mean arterial pressure and local(More)
In recent years, many engineered nanomaterials (NMs) have been produced, but increasing research has revealed that these may have toxicities far greater than conventional materials and cause significant adverse health effects. At present, there is insufficient data to determine the permissible concentrations of NMs in the workplace. There is also a lack of(More)
Increased systemic cytokines and elevated brain levels of monoamines, and hydroxyl radical productions are thought to aggravate the conditions of cerebral ischemia and neuronal damage during heat stroke. Dexamethasone (DXM) is a known immunosuppressive drug used in controlling inflammation, and hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is used as a volume-expanding drug in(More)
Dexamethasone (DXM) is known as an immunosuppressive drug used for inflammation control. In the present study, we attempted to examine whether DXM administration could attenuate the hypercoagulable state and the overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, improve arterial hypotension, cerebral ischemia and damage, and vital organ failure in a rat model of(More)
There is evidence that increased plasma cytokines, elevated brain levels of monoamines and hydroxyl radical production may be implicated in pathogenesis during heat stroke in rats. Acute treatment with a combined therapeutic approach has been repeatedly advocated in cerebral ischemia experiments. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combined(More)
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