Chia-Chi Chien

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Biocompatible Au nanoparticles with surfaces modified by PEG (polyethylene glycol) were developed in view of possible applications for the enhancement of radiotherapy. Such nanoparticles exhibit preferential deposition at tumor sites due to the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect. Here, we systematically studied their effects on EMT-6 and CT26(More)
Serum samples obtained from 13 individuals who were found to have a previous history of or to be suffering from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were examined for the presence of antibody to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNase activity. Significant to high levels of antibody to EBV DNase activity were detected in most serum samples obtained from four patients(More)
1. It has been demonstrated that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OX-LDL) is a risk factor in atherosclerosis by stimulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. However, the mechanisms of OX-LDL-induced cell proliferation are not completely understood. Therefore, we investigated the effect of OX-LDL on cell proliferation associated with(More)
1. Extracellular purine and pyrimidine nucleotides have been implicated in the regulation of several cellular functions including mitogenesis. In this study, experiments were conducted to characterize the P2Y receptor on C(6) glioma cells responsible for stimulating cell proliferation associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation. 2.(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is widely investigated in conjunction with cancer development, in particular because of the possibility of early stage detection and of new therapeutic strategies. However, such studies are negatively affected by the limitations of imaging techniques in the detection of microscopic blood vessels (diameter 3-5 μm) grown under(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cytotoxicity of nickel-based alloy surfaces after nitride film coatings. METHODS A total of 120 disc-shaped specimens (1.5 x 12.0mm) were prepared from nickel (Ni) alloy ingots and metallurgically ground with silicon carbide (SiC) sandpaper to 1200 grit and used as the ground group. Ninety specimens from the ground group were(More)
Elevated levels of several cytokines including interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) have been detected in airway fluid of asthmatic patients. Inhalation of IL-1beta induced a bronchial hyper-reactivity to contractile agonists. However, the implication of IL-1beta in the pathogenesis of bronchial hyper-reactivity is not completely understood. Therefore, we(More)
The elevated level of thrombin has been detected in the airway fluids of asthmatic patients. However, the implication of thrombin in the pathogenesis of bronchial hyperreactivity was not completely understood. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effect of thrombin on cell proliferation and p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation(More)
We tested by radioimmunoassay the sera of 22,707 male Chinese government employees in Taiwan for HBsAg and found 15.2% to be positive. Almost all were confirmed as carriers by follow-up testing 1 year later. This paper presents HBsAg positivity rates of these men according to the province of China from which they originated, and compares the rates with(More)