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Biocompatible Au nanoparticles with surfaces modified by PEG (polyethylene glycol) were developed in view of possible applications for the enhancement of radiotherapy. Such nanoparticles exhibit preferential deposition at tumor sites due to the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect. Here, we systematically studied their effects on EMT-6 and CT26(More)
Serum samples obtained from 13 individuals who were found to have a previous history of or to be suffering from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were examined for the presence of antibody to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNase activity. Significant to high levels of antibody to EBV DNase activity were detected in most serum samples obtained from four patients(More)
A novel approach based on advanced micromachining is demonstrated to fabricate concave microwell arrays for the formation of high quality multicellular tumor spheroids. Microfabricated molds were prepared using a state-of-the-art CNC machining center, containing arrays of 3D convex micropillars with size ranging from 150 μm to 600 μm. Microscopic imaging of(More)
1. It has been demonstrated that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OX-LDL) is a risk factor in atherosclerosis by stimulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. However, the mechanisms of OX-LDL-induced cell proliferation are not completely understood. Therefore, we investigated the effect of OX-LDL on cell proliferation associated with(More)
1. Extracellular purine and pyrimidine nucleotides have been implicated in the regulation of several cellular functions including mitogenesis. In this study, experiments were conducted to characterize the P2Y receptor on C(6) glioma cells responsible for stimulating cell proliferation associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation. 2.(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was found to induce inflammatory responses and to enhance bronchial hyperreactivity to several contractile agonists. However, the implication of LPS in the pathogenesis of bronchial hyperreactivity was not completely understood. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effect of LPS on mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
We explored a very interesting gold nanoparticle system-pegylated gold in colloidal solution-and analyzed its uptake by mice colorectal adenocarcinoma CT26 tumor cells and the impact on the cell's response to x-ray irradiation. We found that exposure to polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified ('pegylated') 4.7 ± 2.6 nm gold nanoparticles synthesized by a novel(More)
Esophageal carcinosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor. The tumor is composed of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements. The multiple designations of names such as pseudosarcoma, pseudosarcomatous carcinoma, polypoid carcinoma etc. reflect the controversy on the nature of sarcomatous component of this lesion. We report a case of carcinosarcoma of(More)
Complete profiling would substantially facilitate the fundamental understanding of tumor angiogenesis and of possible anti-angiogenesis cancer treatments. We developed an integrated synchrotron-based methodology with excellent performances: detection of very small vessels by high spatial resolution (~1 μm) and nanoparticle contrast enhancement, in vivo(More)