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According to the long term vision of cloud computing, the cloud service gradually becomes a utility just like water, electricity, and telecommunication. Although the cloud service is supposed to greatly improve today's IT delivery model and offer potential benefits to customers by the saving of capital and operational expenditure and the greater flexibility(More)
Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) is widely used to evaluate degree of somnolence among Chinese patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Yet no Mandarin-Chinese translation has ever reported its validation data. In this study we translated and validated the ESS into Mandarin Chinese (CESS). We found, in 31 bilingual patients' responses to the CESS and the(More)
The Chronic Ear Survey (CES) is a valid, disease-specific measure for the evaluation of health status and treatment effectiveness for adults with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). This study compares the validation properties of the English and Chinese versions of the CES. The CES was translated into Mandarin Chinese by means of a parallel model. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To undertake cost-utility analysis for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in order to analyze the cost-effectiveness of different chronic sinusitis severity groups. METHODS One hundred ninety-two patients with chronic sinusitis were evaluated with a Chronic Sinusitis Survey (CSS) before and 1-year after ESS. Direct health care cost data during the(More)
AIM Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is critical in the transition of the cell cycle from G1 to S phase and unbalanced cell cycle regulation is a hallmark of carcinogenesis. The study aimed at investigating the association of CCND1 genotypes with lung cancer risk in Taiwan and examining the interaction between CCND1 genotype and smoking habit. PATIENTS AND METHODS CCND1(More)
The aim of this study was to use a parallel model to translate the Snore Outcomes Survey (SOS) into Mandarin Chinese language by comparing performing characteristics and statistical properties of the original and Chinese versions SOS. The Chinese version SOS (CSOS) was validated in a prospective, non-randomized manner. A total of 359 patients with(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the association and interaction of genotypic polymorphisms in the cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2) gene with smoking habits with lung cancer patients in Taiwan. Six polymorphic variants of Cox-2 were analysed in association with their effect on lung cancer susceptibility, and their joint effects with smoking habits on lung(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the risk of asthma development in adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a nationwide population. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using data retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients, ages 20 year or older, with newly diagnosed IBD between 2000 and 2005(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease, and may cause severe morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have indicated that OSA patients exhibited elevated platelet activity, fibrinogen levels, and platelet aggregation. OBJECTIVES We investigated the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism(More)
AIM The DNA repair gene X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 6 (XRCC6) is thought to play an important role in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks. It is known that defects in double-strand break repair capacity can lead to irreversible genomic instability. However, the association of polymorphic variants of XRCC6 with(More)