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Implicit Theories and Their Role in Judgments and Reactions: A Word From Two Perspectives
In this target article, we present evidence for a new model of individual differences in judgments and reactions. The model holds that people's implicit theories about human attributes structure theExpand
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Implicit theories, attributions, and coping : A meaning system approach
This research sought to integrate C. S. Dweck and E. L. Leggett's (1988) model with attribution theory. Three studies tested the hypothesis that theories of intelligence—the belief that intelligenceExpand
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Multicultural experience enhances creativity: the when and how.
Many practices aimed at cultivating multicultural competence in educational and organizational settings (e.g., exchange programs, diversity education in college, diversity management at work) assumeExpand
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Implicit Theories of Intelligence
Self-confidence and its related constructs are among the most widely researched variables in the literature on achievement. However, findings on the link between self-confidence and achievement areExpand
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Implicit theories and conceptions of morality
In this article, the authors propose that individuals' moral beliefs are linked to their implicit theories about the nature (i.e., malleability) of their social-moral reality. Specifically, it wasExpand
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Culture and the construal of agency : Attribution to individual versus group dispositions
The authors argue that cultures differ in implicit theories of individuals and groups. North Americans conceive of individual persons as free agents, whereas East Asians conceptualize them asExpand
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Culture as common sense: perceived consensus versus personal beliefs as mechanisms of cultural influence.
The authors propose that culture affects people through their perceptions of what is consensually believed. Whereas past research has examined whether cultural differences in social judgment areExpand
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Epistemic motives and cultural conformity: need for closure, culture, and context as determinants of conflict judgments.
Three studies support the proposal that need for closure (NFC) involves a desire for consensual validation that leads to cultural conformity. Individual differences in NFC interact with culturalExpand
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Psychology and culture.
Psychological processes influence culture. Culture influences psychological processes. Individual thoughts and actions influence cultural norms and practices as they evolve over time, and theseExpand
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Intersubjective Culture
Intersubjective perceptions refer to shared perceptions of the psychological characteristics that are widespread within a culture. In this article, we propose the intersubjective approach as a newExpand
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