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BACKGROUND AND METHODS In preliminary trials, lamivudine, an oral nucleoside analogue, has shown promise for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. We conducted a one-year, double-blind trial of lamivudine in 358 Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B. The patients were randomly assigned to receive 25 mg of lamivudine (142 patients), 100 mg of lamivudine(More)
A study in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B showed that treatment with lamivudine for 1 year significantly improves liver histology and enhances hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion compared with placebo. Fifty-eight patients from this 1-year study have received long-term treatment with lamivudine 100 mg; the outcome of 3 years of(More)
Factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA breakthrough and the significance of YMDD variants without the presence of wild-type YMDD during prolonged lamivudine treatment are unknown. We studied the amino acid sequence of codon 552 (YMDD motif) and codon 528 by means of a line probe assay in 159 chronic HBV patients (median follow-up 29.6 months).(More)
The prognosis for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poor because of the low chance of curative treatment. To increase the chance of intervention and to improve survival, early detection of subclinical HCC (SCHCC) by alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and/or ultrasonography (USG) screening is implemented in many countries. Three hundred six Chinese(More)
To determine the prevalence and subtypes of dementia in southern Taiwan, a two-phase study consisting of a phase I screening survey using the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and a phase II diagnostic examination using the CERAD neuropsychological battery and the neurobehavioral examination was conducted. According to the household records, stratified(More)
To assess the efficacy and safety of Adriamycin (Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH) in inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 60 patients were randomized to receive Adriamycin 60 to 75 mg/m2 at 3-week intervals and 46 patients to receive no antitumor therapy. The median survival rate of the Adriamycin group was 10.6 weeks; that of the group receiving no(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays an important role in immune defense. We examined the MBL gene mutations and MBL levels in Chinese hepatitis B and hepatitis C patients with and without symptomatic cirrhosis. We recruited 190 hepatitis B and C patients, and 117 normal Chinese as controls. Serum MBL levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One-year lamivudine therapy significantly suppressed hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication, improved hepatic necroinflammatory activity, and prevented progression of fibrosis. However, the effects of prolonged therapy are unknown. METHODS A total of 334 Asian patients with chronic hepatitis B from a previously reported 1-year study were(More)
Attempts to investigate changes in various forms of intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA during antiviral therapy have been hampered by limitations in technologies and scarcity of adequate tissue for analysis. We used a sensitive, specific assay to detect and quantitate covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) from total intrahepatic HBV DNA in clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES Foreign body aspiration into the lower airway in adults is uncommon. We designed this study to investigate the clinical presentations, precipitating factors, management choice, and complications of foreign body aspiration in Chinese adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS We analyzed 43 consecutive adult patients with foreign body aspiration between(More)