Chi-sung Chiu

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D-serine is present in the mammalian central nervous system, where it acts as one of the co-activators of N-methyl-D aspartate receptors. Synthesis of D-serine is catalyzed by the serine racemase enzyme. The current studies report on the isolation of a cDNA encoding a human serine racemase (SRR) from the human neuronal like cell line, NT2N. The SRR gene was(More)
Common inflammatome gene signatures as well as disease-specific signatures were identified by analyzing 12 expression profiling data sets derived from 9 different tissues isolated from 11 rodent inflammatory disease models. The inflammatome signature significantly overlaps with known drug targets and co-expressed gene modules linked to metabolic disorders(More)
Myostatin is a highly conserved member of the transforming growth factor-β ligand family known to regulate muscle growth via activation of activin receptors. A fusion protein consisting of the extracellular ligand-binding domain of activin type IIB receptor with the Fc portion of human immunoglobulin G (ActRIIB-Fc) was used to inhibit signaling through this(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease resulting in joint inflammation, pain, and eventual bone loss. Bone loss and remodeling caused by symmetric polyarthritis, the hallmark of RA, is readily detectable by bone mineral density (BMD) measurement using micro-CT. Abnormalities in these measurements over time reflect the underlying(More)
Except for the chlorinated insecticides, all traditional insecticides and newly introduced IGR-type compounds have been investigated for their modes of action in respect to the resistance in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) in Taiwan. Diamondback moth has a very active, efficient, and inducible mixed function oxidases (MFO) system/ complex, which(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related sarcopenia is a disease state of loss of muscle mass and strength that affects physical function and mobility leading to falls, fractures, and disability. The need for therapies to treat age-related sarcopenia has attracted intensive preclinical research. To facilitate the discovery of these therapies, we have developed a non-invasive(More)
Enzymes are often considered less "druggable" targets than ligand-regulated proteins such as G-protein-coupled receptors, ion channels, or other hormone receptors. Reasons for this include cellular location (intracellular vs. cell surface), typically lower affinities for the binding of small molecules compared to ligand-specific receptors, and binding(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of anti-TNF, corticosteroid and analgesic therapy on inflammation and pain was evaluated in a novel mono-arthritic multi-flare rat Streptococcal Cell Wall (SCW) model using Etanercept, Dexamethasone and Buprenorphine. METHODS Multiple flares of arthritis were induced with an intra-articular injection of SCW in the hind ankle on day(More)
Glucocorticoids are used widely in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, but use is accompanied by a significant burden of adverse effects. It has been hypothesized that gene- and cell-specific regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor by small molecule ligands could be translated into a therapeutic with an improved risk-benefit profile. MK-5932 is a(More)
Reversible janus associated kinase (JAK) inhibitors such as tofacitinib and decernotinib block cytokine signaling and are efficacious in treating autoimmune diseases. However, therapeutic doses are limited due to inhibition of other JAK/signal transducer and activator of transcription pathways associated with hematopoiesis, lipid biogenesis, infection, and(More)
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