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Acrylamide is a processing contaminant in food formed during cooking at high temperature, such as frying and baking. To assess the associated health risk of the Hong Kong population, the dietary exposure of Hong Kong adults to acrylamide was estimated in the first Hong Kong Total Diet Study (TDS), where food samples were collected and prepared "as(More)
Dietary exposures to eight metallic contaminants, aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), methylmercury (MeHg), nickel (Ni), tin (Sn) and vanadium (V), of the Hong Kong adult population were estimated using the total diet study (TDS) approach. The estimated mean exposures of Al (0.60 mg kg(-1) bw week(-1)), Sb (0.016-0.039 µg kg(-1) bw(More)
A series of trinuclear copper(I) thiolate complexes, [Cu(3)(mu-dppm)(3)(mu(3)-SR)(2)]BF(4) (R = C(6)H(4)Cl-4, C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4, C(6)H(4)OCH(3)-4, C(6)H(4)(OCH(3))(2)-3,4, C(6)H(4)-benzo-15-crown-5, or (t)()Bu), [Cu(3)(mu-dppm)(3)(mu(3)-S(t)()Bu)](BF(4))(2), and [Cu(3)(mu-dppm)(3)(mu(3)-SR)(mu(3)-Cl)]BF(4) (R = C(6)H(4)CH(3)-4, C(6)H(4)(t)()Bu-4, or(More)
The results of a 12-month study of more than 100 solvent extractable organic compounds (SEOC) in particulate matter (PM) less than or equal to 2.5 microm (PM2.5) collected at three air monitoring stations located at roadside, urban, and rural sites in Hong Kong are reported. The total yield of SEOC that accounts for approximately 8-18% of organic carbon(More)
This paper reports the monitoring results of eleven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), four to six-ring, at two urban sites-Central & Western (CW) and Tsuen Wan (TW) in Hong Kong from January to December 2000; and the findings of a study conducted in 2001 of the partitioning of the gaseous and particulate phases of PAHs. The sum of the eleven PAHs(More)
A solvent extraction-gas chromatographic method was developed for the measurement of four classes of solvent-extractable organic compounds (SEOC), viz., aliphatic hydrocarbons, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, fatty acids and alkanols, in ambient carbonaceous aerosols. The selectivity and recovery of the method using different solvents commonly used in(More)
Arsenic (As) is a metalloid that occurs in different inorganic and organic forms, which are found in the environment from both natural occurrence and anthropogenic activity. The inorganic forms of As (iAs) are more toxic as compared with the organic As, but so far most of the occurrence data in food collected in the framework of official food control are(More)
This paper presents the development of a highly precise and accurate analytical method for the determination of three matrix-bound pyrethroids, namely, cypermethrin, permethrin, and bifenthrin, using an isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry technique. Identification of the analytes was confirmed under selective ion monitoring mode by the(More)
The use of pesticides and other chemicals has become a common practice in modern agriculture to enhance and stabilise crop yield, protect the nutritional integrity of food, facilitate food storage to assure year-round supplies, and provide attractive and appealing food products. With the adoption of strict good agricultural practice (GAP), only minimal(More)
Dietary exposure of Hong Kong adults to mycotoxins and their metabolites including aflatoxins (AFs), ochratoxin A (OTA), fumonisins (FNs), deoxynivalenol (DON), acetyldeoxynivalenols (AcDONs) and zearalenone (ZEA) was estimated using the Total Diet Study (TDS) approach to assess the associated health risk to the local people. Sixty commonly consumed food(More)