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A combination of pharmacological and genetic approaches was used to determine the role of type 4 cAMP-specific cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) in reversing alpha(2)-adrenoceptor-mediated anesthesia, a behavioral correlate of emesis in non-vomiting species. Among the family-specific PDE inhibitors, PDE4 inhibitors reduced the duration of(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-IV inhibitors are a new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. DPP-IV is a member of a family of serine peptidases that includes quiescent cell proline dipeptidase (QPP), DPP8, and DPP9; DPP-IV is a key regulator of incretin hormones, but the functions of other family members are unknown. To determine the importance of(More)
To better define the role of the various prostanoid synthases in the adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model, we have determined the temporal expression of the inducible PGE synthase (mPGES-1), mPGES-2, the cytosolic PGES (cPGES/p23), and prostacyclin synthase, and compared with that of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2. The profile of induction of mPGES-1(More)
Lack of clinically relevant tumor models dramatically hampers development of effective therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Establishment of patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models that faithfully recapitulate the genetic and phenotypic features of HCC becomes important. In this study, we first established a cohort of 65 stable PDX models of HCC(More)
BACKGROUND Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a clonal myeloproliferative disease associated with thrombohemorrhagic complications and myeloid transformation to diseases such as myelofibrosis and acute myeloid leukemia. METHODS A multicenter study was conducted among 231 consecutive Chinese patients with ET. The literature about leukemogenic risk(More)
In addition to monoclonal antibodies against the CD3 (T3)-T-cell antigen receptor (CD3/Ti) complex, several other monoclonals directed towards distinct cell surface structures on human (CD2 (T11) and Tp44) and murine (Thy-1, TAP, and Ly-6) T lymphocytes are capable of activating T cells. It has been proposed that such structures may function as alternative(More)
Two groups of cloned insulin-specific T cell hybridomas were derived from the fusion of (BALB/c X A/J)F1 T cells with the BW5147 tumor line. Group I responded only to the immunogen pork insulin and failed to respond to rat insulin, which differs only at amino acids A4 and B3. The second group of T cell hybridomas exhibited a broader pattern of reactivity to(More)
The Ly-6 locus controls the expression and/or encodes for alloantigenic specificities found primarily on subpopulations of murine T and B lymphocytes. We have recently identified and characterized a new rat mAb, D7, that recognizes a nonpolymorphic Ly-6 specificity. After crosslinking by anti-Ig reagents or by Fc receptor-bearing accessory cells, mAb D7(More)
We have used two monoclonal antibodies (Mab) to the L3T4 antigen to reexplore the role of this molecule in the process of T cell activation. Both Mab (Gk1.5 and 2B6) were capable of inhibiting Con A-induced IL 2 production by a number of antigen-specific T cell hybridomas in an assay system that was free of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II(More)
We assessed the dependency of a variety of immune responses for IL 2 in vitro by using anti-IL 2 receptor monoclonal antibodies as specific inhibitors of IL 2 function. The generation of allogeneic cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses and maximal thymocyte proliferation to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and IL 1 was readily susceptible to inhibition by these(More)