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Amniotic membrane (AM) contains basement membrane components and various proteinase inhibitors. Furthermore, when used as a graft, the basement membrane of AM could block inflammatory insults to a damaged corneal surface. Thus, we evaluated whether amniotic membrane patching could promote the healing process by inhibiting proteolytic damage. Alkali wounds(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to various models of hypertension, including deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertension. Recently, we have shown that ROS, generated by cytochrome P-450 1B1 (CYP1B1) from arachidonic acid, mediate vascular smooth muscle cell growth caused by angiotensin II. This study was conducted to determine the(More)
To develop a serological diagnosis of invasive candidiasis based on detection of circulating secreted aspartyl proteinase (SAP) antigen of Candida albicans, three different enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were compared. The first was a standard ELISA to detect anti-SAP antibodies, and the others were an antigen capture ELISA and an inhibition(More)
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), expressed in endothelial cells, has been implicated in migration and proliferation and in vasculogenesis. This study was conducted to determine the contribution of Syk and the underlying mechanism to the angiogenic effect of ANG II and VEGF. Angiogenesis was determined by tube formation from the endothelial cell line EA.hy926(More)
A secreted proteinase was purified from the culture supernatant of Acanthamoeba castellanii with several chromatographic steps. The purified proteinase was a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase. Its molecular weight was approximately 12 kDa on SDS-PAGE, and its native molecular weight was 12 kDa when determined by molecular sieve chromatography. It showed a(More)
The role of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor complex in the pathogenesis of crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) is not clear. To test the hypothesis that TGF-beta signaling plays a crucial role in the development and progression of crescentic GN by inducing the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and expression of its(More)
Spirometra mansoni plerocercoids were dissected from the tissues of naturally infected snakes (Natrix trigrialateralia). Fresh plerocercoids were incubated in medium, and excretory-secretory products (E-S) were collected. In addition, soluble proteins from lyophilized plerocercoids (10 mg/ml) were extracted in 0.1 M sodium acetate. Proteinase activity was(More)
Two superoxide dismutases (SOD I and SOD II) were purified from Acanthamoeba castellanii and characterized for several biochemical properties. Analysis of the primary structure and inhibition studies revealed that SOD I is iron SOD (Fe-SOD), with a molecular mass of 50 kDa, and SOD II is copper-zinc SOD (Cu,Zn-SOD), with a molecular mass of 38 kDa. Both(More)
Cytochrome P450 1B1, expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells, can metabolize arachidonic acid in vitro into several products including 12- and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids that stimulate vascular smooth muscle cell growth. This study was conducted to determine whether cytochrome P450 1B1 contributes to angiotensin II-induced rat aortic smooth muscle(More)
An extracellular proteinase of Acanthamoeba castellanii was purified and its biochemical and pathological properties were characterized. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme was approximately 42 kDa as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Sephacryl S-200 HR gel-filtration chromatography. Therefore, its structure(More)