Chi Young Shim

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Clopidogrel is a prodrug that has to be converted to an active metabolite by hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes to inhibit platelet aggregation. Individual variability of platelet inhibition by clopidogrel suggests a possibility for genetic factors having a significant influence on clopidogrel responsiveness. In this study, we sought to determine the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical feasibility and accuracy of 64-section multidetector computed tomography (CT) compared with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for diagnosis of a patent foramen ovale (PFO). MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study. The study included 152 consecutive stroke(More)
PURPOSE To assess the diagnostic accuracy of two-phase 64-section cardiac computed tomographic (CT) angiography for detection of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi and differentiation between thrombus and circulatory stasis in patients with stroke, with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION We aimed to examine the effect of an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonist, and their combination on myocardial fibrosis and function in type 2 diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five male Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats and 20 male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular techniques using various stent-graft systems are now available to treat aortic disease. Because stent-grafts need large-bore sheaths, arterial surgical cut-downs for access and closure are required. This study describes and reports the results of a percutaneous technique using multiple Perclose devices (Closer-S, 6 Fr) for large(More)
AIMS Right ventricular (RV) failure is known to be the main cause of mortality and is closely related to prognosis in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A decrease in the duration of tricuspid regurgitation corrected for heart rate (TRDc) has recently been shown to be associated with advanced RV failure and poor clinical outcomes. The aim(More)
RAGE is pattern recognizing receptors for diverse endogenous ligands. RAGE activation by RAGE ligands is known to be associated with reactive oxygen species generation, activation of NF kappa B, as well as recruitment of proinflammatory cells. Activated endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerotic plaques and activated inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Alteration of arterial elastic properties is known to occur in patients with arteritis. Velocity vector imaging (VVI) is a new technology to assess multi-dimensional regional mechanics in terms of velocity, strain, strain rate and displacement. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanical properties of the common carotid artery(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risks of diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). Despite the controversial inclusion of established diabetes in MetS, the association between MetS and CAD according to diabetes status has not been elucidated in the Asian population. METHODS We evaluated the association between MetS and(More)
BACKGROUND Substantial aortic calcification is known to be associated with aortic stiffening and subsequent left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. This study examined whether the thoracic aorta calcium score (TACS) is related to LV hypertrophy and whether it leads to an adverse prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) after aortic valve(More)