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4-1BB (CDw 137), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, is a costimulatory receptor primarily expressed on activated T cells. It has been shown that the administration of agonistic anti-4-1BB monoclonal antibody (mAb) enhances tumor immunity and allogenic immune responses. Paradoxically, we found that the administration of(More)
In this study, we used a murine intestinal inflammation model that mimics immunologic characteristics of human Crohn's disease (CD) to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) on intestinal injury and tissue inflammation. When these colitic mice were pretreated with MMF, we observed a significant decrease in mortality rates(More)
BACKGROUND The novel cytokine, interleukin (IL)-18, is a strong interferon-gamma inducer and costimulatory factor in Th1 cell activation. IL-18 triggers IFN-gamma production and enhances cytolytic activity in both T and NK cells. However, the exact mechanism of antitumor action of IL-18 remains to be clarified. To determine the effects of IL-18 plasmid DNA(More)
The immunosuppressive drug 15-deoxyspergualin (DSG) is currently being used in clinical trials to prolong graft survival and reverse graft rejection. Here we evaluated whether DSG has a potential for ameliorating diseases characterized by mucosal inflammation. Using a murine model of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis, we were able(More)
Cotransplantation of donor bone marrow cells (BMCs) in allograft recipients is currently the most promising concept for clinical tolerance induction; however, it still has many difficulties in its successful performance due to the toxicity of the required host conditioning, the risk of engraftment failure, and the problem of graft-versus-host disease(More)
results : 2nd line in dose dependent manner → removed Background : 8st line correct reference [4], [5] : 20st line We report here antitumoral effects of nonviral vector encoding murine IL-18 plasmid DNA in established CT26 liver tumors. → We report here the antitumoral effects by direct intratumoral injection of nonviral plasmid vector encoding murine IL-18(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of transplant recipients with either 15-deoxyspergualin (DSG) or monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to T-cell proteins CD45RB and CD154 (a two-signal blockade) has been shown to prolong islet graft survival. Therefore, we investigated the combined effect of DSG, anti-CD45RB, and anti-CD154 in murine islet model. METHODS Chemically induced(More)
BACKGROUND Induction of mixed chimerism is currently the most promising concept for clinical tolerance induction; however, the toxicity of the required host conditioning for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) should be overcome. Therefore, we explored tolerogenic effectiveness of megadose BMT with anti-CD45RB and anti-CD154 mAb (two-signal(More)
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