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BACKGROUND Melanogenesis is one of the characteristic parameters of differentiation in melanocytes and melanoma cells. Specific inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), such as wortmannin and LY294002, stimulate melanin production in mouse and in human melanoma cells, suggesting that PI3K and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) might be involved(More)
Vandetanib is a once-daily oral anticancer drug that selectively inhibits key signaling pathways in cancer by targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, epidermal growth factor receptors tyrosine kinase, and rearranged during transfection-dependent tumor cell proliferation and survival. The most frequently reported adverse events attributed to(More)
As the survival from cutaneous malignant melanoma and its clinical concerns have been steadily increasing, the possibility has been raised of an increased risk of second primary cancers in the patients with malignant melanoma. Especially, recent studies have identified an association between cutaneous malignant melanoma and thyroid carcinoma. We here report(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family. Epidermal growth factor induces its dimerization and stimulates phosphorylation of intracellular tyrosine residues. Phosphorylation of EGFR is studied for cancer therapy because EGFR regulates many cellular processes including cell proliferation,(More)
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disorder predominately affecting prepubertal girls and postmenopausal women. Isolated lichen sclerosus affecting the oral mucosa is exceedingly rare, and only 13 patients with biopsy-proved isolated oral disease have been reported in the literature. We report on a 7-year-old Korean girl with a(More)
We report on a rare case of fluconazole induced fixed drug eruption in a 62-year old female patient. She was referred to our department for multiple erythematous itchy maculopatches on the face, neck, both upper arms, and trunk area, which had occurred over the previous 6 months. Her attending physician prescribed fluconazole for treatment of onychomycosis.(More)
Malignant acanthosis nigricans is a cutaneous eruption characterized by symmetric hyperpigmented hyperkeratosis, dermal papillomatosis, and mucosal involvement associated with internal malignancies. Tripe palms refers to a characteristic velvety thickening of the palms, with exaggeration of normal skin markings. We present the second case of ovarian cancer(More)
We describe a 9-year-old boy who presented with very itchy papules and plaques on both knees. Histologically, focal columnar epidermal necrosis was seen associated with features of classic lichen planus. A literature search using PubMed revealed that only two cases of transfusion-associated lichenoid graft-versus-host reaction showing columnar epidermal(More)
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, known as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, is a malignant neoplasm that arises in both soft tissue and bones. In 2002, the World Health Organization declassified malignant fibrous histocytoma as a formal diagnostic entity and renamed it 'undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma not otherwise specified.' It most commonly(More)