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Current methods for the accurate diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) based on magnetic resonance imaging and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method are highly sensitive and specific but require specialised laboratory facilities and highly trained operators to obtain a definitive result. A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) immunosensor has been developed to(More)
Silver nanoparticles have been used in various fields, and several synthesis processes have been developed. The stability and dispersion of the synthesized nanoparticles is vital. The present article describes a novel approach for one-step synthesis of silver nanoparticles-embedded chitosan particles. The proposed approach was applied to simultaneously(More)
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices are key components for sensing applications. SAW propagation under a periodic grating was investigated in this work. The theoretical method used here is the space harmonic method. We also applied the results of SAW propagation studied in this work to design a two-port resonator with an Al grating on ST-cut quartz. The(More)
A shear horizontal surface acoustic wave (SH-SAW) sensor coated with polyaniline (PANI) was investigated in this study. The frequency shift of SH-SAW was measured for the response to ammonia in this study. The temperature effect was also discussed in order to find the suitable temperature of operation. The response of the SH-SAW sensor immediately responded(More)
This paper presents the chromatic aberration estimations of touch panel (TP) film by using quasi-Newton neural networks. The data of TP film with one layer coating was studied and simulated. Through the training of neural network, the complex relationship between the chromatic aberration, i.e., L.A.B. values, and the relative parameters of TP decoration(More)
The parts-per-billion-level nitric oxide (NO) gas sensing capability of a copper-ion-doped polyaniline/tungsten oxide nanocomposite (Cu(2+)/PANI/WO3) film coated on a Rayleigh surface acoustic wave device was investigated. The sensor developed in this study was sensitive to NO gas at room temperature in dry nitrogen. The surface morphology, dopant(More)
This paper presents a novel intelligent data mining technique to estimate the optical properties of touch panel (TP) with different layers coating. The neural network (NN) model is developed to be the intelligent tool for the data analyzer. The new computational method based on well-trained NN's weights is used to analyze the influencing factors of TP(More)
In this work, we report a surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor based on a polyaniline/WO3 nanocomposite layer to detect NO2. The presented SAW sensor exhibited reversibility, sensitivity, and repeatability when NO2 was in ppm level at room temperature. The frequency shift df / fo of sensor was 0.58 ppm to 29 ppm NO2.
A surface acoustic wave sensor (SAW) based on polyaniline/tungsten oxide nanocomposite thin film was used to detect nitrogen dioxide at room temperature in this study. Polyaniline/tungsten oxide nanocomposite structure was fabricated from the aniline monomer and tungsten oxide gel. The coupling of modes (COM) theory was used to design the SAW device and(More)