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Environmental estrogenic chemicals interrupt endocrine systems and generate reproductive abnormalities in wildlife, especially natural and synthetic estrogenic steroid hormones such as 17beta-estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), estriol (E3), 17alpha-ethynylestradiol (EE2), and diethylstilbestrol (DES). Concentrated animal feedlot operations (CAFOs) are of(More)
4-Nonylphenol (para-nonylphenol, 4-NP), metabolites including linear and branched isoforms of nonylphenol (n-NP and t-NP, respectively), has been considered an endocrine disrupting substance resulting in reproductive dysfunction and increasing reactive oxygen species production in testis, liver, kidney, and brain. However, to date, whether vasculature is(More)
The Microtox Acute Toxicity Test has been successfully used to measure the toxicity of metals and other pollutants at high concentrations (ppm) in selected environmental samples. However, metals and other toxicants are often found in much lower concentrations (ppb) in many municipal wastewaters and receiving waters. In order to assess the toxicity of these(More)
Radiotherapy shows limited benefit as treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we aimed to overcome the radioresistance of HCC by using a novel sorafenib derivative, SC-59 that targets SHP-1-related signaling. HCC cell lines (SK-Hep1, Hep3B, and Huh7) were treated with sorafenib, SC-59, radiation, sorafenib plus radiation, or SC-59 plus(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and lethal human malignancies. Lack of efficient therapy for advanced HCC is a pressing problem worldwide. This study aimed to determine the efficacy and mechanism of combined sorafenib and radiation therapy treatment for HCC. METHODS AND MATERIALS HCC cell lines (PLC5, Huh-7, Sk-Hep1, and(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in the sediments of the Donggang River Watershed, one of the most polluted bodies of water in southern Taiwan. Field data showed that detectable concentrations of 121 PCB congeners were found and total PCBs were measured in 32 out of 33 samples, and 98 congeners were detected. The total concentrations of PCBs(More)
Nonylphenol (NP), an environmental organic compound, has been demonstrated to enhance reactive-oxygen species (ROS) synthesis. Chronic exposure to low-dose adenine (AD) has been reported to induce chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic exposure to NP will aggravate AD-induced CKD through increasing generations of(More)
This study investigated the variation in toxicity of phenolic endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) and determined the correlation between their concentrations. All twenty-four samples acquired from a polluted river contained five phenolic EDCs. The EDC nonylphenol (NP) concentration was found to be the highest (4.26 +/- 2.74 microg/L) in the river water.(More)
This study investigated the treatment in the constructed Wuluo wetland, Taiwan, of 13 veterinary antibiotics, including five classes (tetracyclines, sulfonimides, chloramphenicol, fluoroquinolone, and dyes), five alkylphenolic compounds (nonylphenol di-ethoxylates [NP2EO], nonylphenol mono-ethoxylates [NP1EO], nonylphenol [NP], octylphenol [OP], and(More)
BACKGROUND Metastatic cancer with invasion of skin, soft tissue and skeletal muscle is not common. Examples presenting as soft tissue masses could sometimes lead to misdiagnosis with delayed or inappropriate management. The purpose of current study was to investigate clinical characteristics in the involvement of metastatic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)