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The inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAPs) regulate programmed cell death by inhibiting members of the caspase family of enzymes. Recently, a mammalian protein called Smac (also named DIABLO) was identified that binds to the IAPs and promotes caspase activation. Although undefined in the X-ray structure, the amino-terminal residues of Smac are critical for(More)
Transcription factors encoded by the ETS family of genes are central in integrating signals that regulate cell growth and differentiation, stress responses, and tumorigenesis. This study, analysing laser microdissected paired benign and malignant prostate epithelial cells from prostate cancer (CaP) patients (n=114; 228 specimen) by GeneChip and quantitative(More)
The high prevalence of TMPRSS2-ERG rearrangements (∼60%) in prostate cancer (CaP) leads to androgenic induction of the ETS-related gene (ERG) expression. However, the biological functions of ERG overexpression in CaP remain to be understood. ERG knockdown in TMPRSS2-ERG expressing CaP cells induced striking morphological changes and inhibited cell growth(More)
Gene fusions prevalent in prostate cancer (CaP) lead to the elevated expression of the ERG proto-oncogene. ERG activation present in 50–70% of prostate tumors underscores one of the most common oncogenic alterations in CaP. Despite numerous reports of gene fusions and mRNA expression, ERG oncoprotein status in CaP still remains to be defined. Furthermore,(More)
We constructed the microsatellite-based linkage maps using 318 markers typed in two F(1) outbred families of Zhikong scallop (Chlamys farreri). The results showed an extremely high proportion (56.2%) of non-amplifying null alleles and a high ratio (30%) of segregation distortion. By aligning different individual-based linkage maps, 19 linkage groups were(More)
The inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) family of proteins, originally identified in baculoviruses, regulate programmed cell death in a variety of organisms. IAPs inhibit specific enzymes (caspases) in the death cascade and contain one to three modules of a common 70-amino-acid motif called the BIR domain. Here we describe the nuclear magnetic resonance structure(More)
The inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) regulate the caspase family of cysteine proteases, which play an important role in the execution of programmed cell death. Human X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is a potent inhibitor of caspases-3, -7, and -9. Here we show that the Bir3 domain is the minimal region of XIAP that is needed for potent(More)
Cross-talk has been shown to occur between the immune system and bone metabolism pathways. In the present study, we investigated the impact of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells on osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. Treg cells that were isolated and purified from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy adults inhibited both the(More)
The sbeIIa and sbeIIb genes, encoding starch-branching enzyme (SBE) IIa and SBEIIb in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), have been isolated. The 5' portions of the two genes are strongly divergent, primarily due to the 2064-nucleotide-long intron 2 in sbeIIb. The sequence of this intron shows that it contains a retro-transposon-like element. Expression of sbeIIb(More)
Eighteen organochlorine contaminants from the water samples of the Yangtse River have been qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. The analysis of polychlorinated organic compounds (PCOCs) extracted by C18 Solid Phase Extract (SPE) was performed using HP6890 gas chromatograph coupled by ECD detector. The analytical results demonstrate that the analytical(More)