Chi-Ming Chu

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OBJECTIVE To analyze the features of non-mass-like (NML) breast lesions on ultrasound (US) and determine their corresponding malignancy rate and to stratify these lesion patterns according to US BI-RADS categories. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred sixty-four consecutive lesions were retrospectively classified into four types according to the US features,(More)
INTRODUCTION Arterial stiffness may contribute to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study was conducted to evaluate the independent factor of LVH and the quantification of LVH by electrocardiogram (ECG) to predict the degree of aortic stiffness using brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in subjects with hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Findings related to the influence of the -160C → A promoter polymorphism and haplotypes of the E-cadherin (CDH1) gene have not been consistent in previous studies regarding the risk for sporadic gastric cancer. Investigators in most previous studies detected those genotypes using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Therefore, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Developing a new measurement index is the first step in evaluating pain relief outcomes. Although the percentage difference in pain intensity (%PID) is the most popular indicator, this indicator does not take into account the goal of pain relief. Therefore, the aims of this study were to develop a pain relief index (PRI) for outcome evaluation and(More)
BACKGROUND Low ankle-arm systolic blood pressure index is strongly correlated with various cardiovascular risk factors. However, although the potential hazards of resulting coronary artery disease (CAD) are well established, no data is available regarding how ankle-arm index (AAI) and CAD severity are related. METHODS This study enrolled 477 patients and(More)
OBJECTIVES Whereas human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the major determinant of cervical carcinogenesis, host genetic factors may confer individual susceptibility and prognosis. Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) is an important modulator of carcinogenesis. A guanine insertion (2G) polymorphism at nucleotide -1607 of the MMP-1 gene promoter creates an(More)
PURPOSE This prospective cohort study of 11,889 women was conducted to determine significant factors associated with the risk of breast cancer among Chinese women in Taiwan, a low-incidence area. METHODS In-person interviews were completed for subjects to solicit information on hormonal factors. Measurements of height, weight, and waist-and- hip(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, commonly found in hemodialysis (HD) patients, is a major cause of intradialytic hypotension. Conventional Doppler interrogation of mitral flow velocities typically is load dependent. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) recently was proposed as a new and relatively load-independent approach to assess diastolic(More)
The identification of the mutation status of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is important for the optimization of treatment in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The acquisition of adequate tissues for EGFR mutational analysis is sometimes not feasible, especially in advanced-stage patients. The aim of this study was to predict EGFR(More)
Applications for robust watermarking is one of the major branches in digital rights management (DRM) systems and related researches. Based on existing experiences to evaluate the applicability of robust watermarking, it is generally agreed that three parameters or requirements, including the quality of watermarked contents, the survivability of extracted(More)