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BACKGROUND Mitral regurgitation (MR) conveys adverse prognosis in ischemic heart disease. Because such MR is related to increased leaflet tethering by displaced attachments to the papillary muscles (PMs), it is incompletely treated by annular reduction. We therefore addressed the hypothesis that such MR can be reduced by cutting a limited number of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared a new transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) method for detection of right to left bubble passage, transmitral Doppler (TMD), against two-dimensional (2D) TTE contrast study and the gold standard, of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and assessed its utility in quantitative assessment of patent foramen ovales (PFO). (More)
The concepts of "cardiometabolic risk," "metabolic syndrome," and "risk stratification" overlap and relate to the atherogenic process and development of type 2 diabetes. There is confusion about what these terms mean and how they can best be used to improve our understanding of cardiovascular disease treatment and prevention. With the objectives of(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) was first ascribed to papillary muscle (PM) contractile dysfunction. Current theories include apical leaflet tethering caused by left ventricular (LV) distortion, but PM dysfunction is still postulated and commonly diagnosed. PM contraction, however, parallels apical tethering, suggesting the hypothesis that PM(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate risk stratification can guide clinical decision-making in the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, the applicability of risk models to the general ACS population remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to validate and compare a modified international clinical trial and a registry-based risk model in a(More)
With the objectives of clarifying the concepts related to "cardiometabolic risk," "metabolic syndrome" and "risk stratification" and presenting practical strategies to identify and reduce cardiovascular risk in multiethnic patient populations, the Cardiometabolic Working Group presents an executive summary of a detailed analysis and position paper that(More)
BACKGROUND The association of patent foramen ovale (PFO) with cryptogenic stroke is strongest in patients with larger shunts and patients with atrial septal aneurysms (ASAs). We postulated that the potency of ASA as a risk factor for stroke relates to the size of shunt across PFOs associated with mobile atrial septae. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Information technology is revolutionizing health care delivery. Although data exist for other patient populations, awareness and use of information technology in cardiovascular patients have not been well described to date. OBJECTIVES To assess the awareness and use of information technology in cardiovascular patients over time. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Patient care transitions are periods of enhanced risk. Discharge summaries have been used to communicate essential information between hospital-based physicians and primary care physicians (PCPs), and may reduce rates of adverse events after discharge. OBJECTIVE To assess PCP satisfaction with an electronic discharge summary (EDS) program as(More)