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BACKGROUND Accurate risk stratification can guide clinical decision-making in the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, the applicability of risk models to the general ACS population remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to validate and compare a modified international clinical trial and a registry-based risk model in a(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral regurgitation (MR) conveys adverse prognosis in ischemic heart disease. Because such MR is related to increased leaflet tethering by displaced attachments to the papillary muscles (PMs), it is incompletely treated by annular reduction. We therefore addressed the hypothesis that such MR can be reduced by cutting a limited number of(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related differences in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have not been well characterized in prior observational studies that often included only certain age groups or subjects with myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS We stratified 4627 patients admitted with an ACS across 9 provinces between 1999 and 2001 enrolled in the(More)
The concepts of "cardiometabolic risk," "metabolic syndrome," and "risk stratification" overlap and relate to the atherogenic process and development of type 2 diabetes. There is confusion about what these terms mean and how they can best be used to improve our understanding of cardiovascular disease treatment and prevention. With the objectives of(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the management and outcome of less [corrected] selected patients with an acute coronary syndrome during hospitalization and up to 1 year after discharge. The Canadian Acute Coronary Syndromes Registry was a prospective observational study of patients admitted with suspected acute coronary syndromes. Data on(More)
BACKGROUND Tablets are a novel line of computers controlled by a multitouch screen. Fine motor movements are captured on the tablet computer through electrical fields and can be qualitatively and quantitatively assessed. Evidence is limited on tablet use for stroke rehabilitation. METHODS iHOME is an investigator-initiated randomized controlled pilot(More)
BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVE Patients with mechanical heart valves must follow lifelong warfarin therapy. Warfarin, however, is a difficult drug to manage because it has a narrow therapeutic window and potentially serious side effects. Successful anticoagulation treatment is dependent upon the patient's knowledge of this drug; however, little is known(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared a new transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) method for detection of right to left bubble passage, transmitral Doppler (TMD), against two-dimensional (2D) TTE contrast study and the gold standard, of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and assessed its utility in quantitative assessment of patent foramen ovales (PFO). (More)
BACKGROUND The association of patent foramen ovale (PFO) with cryptogenic stroke is strongest in patients with larger shunts and patients with atrial septal aneurysms (ASAs). We postulated that the potency of ASA as a risk factor for stroke relates to the size of shunt across PFOs associated with mobile atrial septae. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) was first ascribed to papillary muscle (PM) contractile dysfunction. Current theories include apical leaflet tethering caused by left ventricular (LV) distortion, but PM dysfunction is still postulated and commonly diagnosed. PM contraction, however, parallels apical tethering, suggesting the hypothesis that PM(More)