Chi-Min Chen

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Evidence indicates that synchronization of cortical activity at gamma-band frequencies, mediated through GABA-A receptors, is important for perceptual/cognitive processes. To study GABA signaling in vivo, we recently used a novel positron emission tomography (PET) paradigm measuring the change in binding of the benzodiazepine (BDZ) site radiotracer(More)
In a recent human positron emission tomography (PET) study we demonstrated the ability to detect amphetamine-induced dopamine (DA) release in the prefrontal cortex as a reduction in the binding of the DA D(2/3) radioligand [(11)C]FLB 457. A key requirement for validating this paradigm for use in clinical studies is demonstrating that the changes in(More)
DPP-IV (EC is a validated drug target for human type II diabetes. DPP-IV inhibitors without DPP8/9 inhibitory activity have been sought because a possible association has been reported between a "DPP8/9 inhibitor" and severe toxicity in animals. However, at present, it is not known whether the observed toxicity is associated with DPP8/9(More)
The use of PET and SPECT endogenous competition-binding techniques has contributed to the understanding of the role of dopamine (DA) in several neuropsychiatric disorders. An important limitation of these imaging studies is the fact that measurements of changes in synaptic DA have been restricted to the striatum. The ligands previously used, such as(More)
OBJECTIVE Positron emission tomography (PET) studies performed with [(11) C]raclopride have consistently reported lower binding to D(2/3) receptors and lower amphetamine-induced dopamine (DA) release in cocaine abusers relative to healthy controls. A limitation of these studies that were performed with D(2/3) antagonist radiotracers such as [(11)(More)
Antiviral agents are urgently needed to fight severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). We showed that niclosamide, an existing antihelminthic drug, was able to inhibit replication of a newly discovered coronavirus, SARS-CoV; viral antigen synthesis was totally abolished at a niclosamide concentration of 1.56 microM, as revealed by immunoblot analysis.(More)
The CpG motif within bacterial DNA is a potent immuno-stimulatory moiety. Here, using a 2-D electrophoretic approach, we investigated the effect of synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide containing a B type CpG motif (CpG-B ODN) on the protein expression profile of swine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). We found that several proteins including spondin 1,(More)
In a recent PET study, we demonstrated the ability to measure amphetamine-induced DA release in the human cortex with the relatively high affinity dopamine D₂/₃ radioligand [¹¹C]FLB 457 (Narendran et al., [2009] Synapse 63:447-461). The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and reliability of [¹¹C]FLB 457 in the same imaging paradigm we used(More)
In a recent positron emission tomography (PET) study, we demonstrated the ability to measure amphetamine-induced dopamine (DA) release in the human cortex with the DA D₂/₃ radioligand [¹¹C]FLB 457. As previous studies in animals have shown that a relatively high fraction of the [¹¹C]FLB 457 signal in the cerebellum represents specific binding to D₂/₃(More)
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a fatal disease in domestic and nondomestic felids caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV). Currently, no effective vaccine is available for the prevention of this disease. In searching for agents that may prove clinically effective against FCoV infection, 16 compounds were screened for their antiviral activity against a(More)