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Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Arsenic is a ubiquitous metalloid in the crust of the earth. Chronic arsenic poisoning is becoming an emerging epidemic in Asia. Epidemiological studies have shown that chronic arsenic poisoning through ingestion of arsenic-contaminated water is associated with various cardiovascular(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cancer death in Taiwan. Chronic viral hepatitis infections have long been considered as the most important risk factors for HCC in Taiwan. The previously published reports were either carried out by individual investigators with small patient numbers or by large endemic studies with limited viral marker data.(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to ingested arsenic has been documented to induce peripheral vascular disease, ischemic heart disease, and cerebral infarction in a dose-response relationship. This study further examined the biological gradient between ingested inorganic arsenic and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 199 male and 264(More)
Adiponectin gene polymorphisms have recently been reported to be associated with obesity, insulin sensitivity, and the risk of type 2 diabetes. We examined a T94G polymorphism of the adiponectin gene in 245 ostensibly normal nondiabetic subjects. The G allele frequency was lower among subjects with higher BMI (> or =27) than in those with lower BMI. BMI was(More)
UNLABELLED Serum adiponectin (ADP) levels are reported inversely related to the risk in breast, endometrial cancer, and gastric cancer. Serum ADP as a potential marker compared with CA-19-9 in pancreatic carcinoma (PC) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) was studied. Adiponectin and CA-19-9 levels were examined at the time of diagnosis in patients with CP and PC.(More)
BACKGROUND Arsenic is a strong stimulus of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression in experimental studies in response to oxidative stress caused by a stimulus. A functional GT-repeat polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter was inversely correlated to the development of coronary artery disease in diabetics and development of restenosis following angioplasty in(More)
AIMS Myostatin is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass and may also modulate energy metabolism secondarily. We aim to investigate the relationship between serum myostatin and the metabolic variables in diabetic (DM) and non-diabetic subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cross-sectional study recruiting 246 consecutive DM patients and 82 age- and(More)
Acute encephalitis is a common CNS infectious disease in children. However, there are limited studies concerning about the correlation between the clinical evaluations and neurological outcome. To investigate the value of neurological evaluations, and the correlation between these evaluations and neurological outcomes of acute encephalitis, in the present(More)
BACKGROUND Associations of obesity and obesity-related metabolic factors (adiposity factors) with uterine corpus cancer (UCC) and ovarian cancer (OVC) risk have been described. Still, a cause-effect relationship and the underlying mediators remain unclear, particularly for low-incidence populations. We aimed to prospectively determine whether adiposity(More)