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Methyl gallate (MG) has been shown to be an effective antioxidant in a variety of acellular experiments. Accordingly, this study was designed to assess the ability of MG, extracting from Toona sinensis to protect cultured Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated oxidative stress. Trolox, a cell permeable and(More)
With the availability of an ultraweak chemiluminescence analyzer, it is possible to monitor the production of a specific oxygen-derived reactive species, such as hydroxyl radical ((*)OH), whenever a suitable chemiluminescent probe is obtainable. Reported herein is the development of a rapid and specific method for detecting (*)OH production using a specific(More)
Reports elsewhere demonstrated that Epimedin C, a constituent isolated from the leaves of Epimedium sagittatum, possessed anti-tumor activity. However, its mechanism of action remains unresolved. Using SK-Hep-1 cells, a poorly-differentiated hepatoma subline, as an experimental model, we present evidence here that the anti-tumor activity of Epimedin C may(More)
Folate coenzymes are critical for de novo synthesis of purine and thymidine, and for interconversion of amino acids. Folate deficiency inhibits cellular proliferation, disturbs cell cycling, causes genetic damage and eventually results in cell death. Previously, we demonstrated that the demise of human hepatoma Hep G2 cells mediated by folate deficiency(More)
The main goal of this study was to investigate the role of cadmium in the promotion of lipid peroxidation in the homogenates of rat testes and the effect of selenium on lipid peroxidation in testes of rats after cadmium injection. Treatment of rats with cadmium resulted in a time- and dose-related accumulation of the metal ions in testes. The concentrations(More)
Cadmium has been recognized as one of the most toxic environmental and industrial pollutants. The kidney is a critical target organ following Cd exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cadmium-induced peroxidative damage to rat kidney. Treatment of rats with Cd resulted in a time- and dose-related accumulation of metal in kidney.(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of cadmium-induced peroxidative damage to rat liver, heart, and spleen. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected subcutaneously with a single dose of 25, 125, 500, or 1250 microg Cd/kg and evaluated 6, 12, 24, or 72 h later. Liver, heart, and spleen were analyzed for lipid peroxidation and Fe, Cu, Zn, Se, and(More)
Chemoprevention by the use of naturally occurring substances is becoming a promising strategy to prevent cancer. In this study, the effects of isoobtusilactone A, a novel constituent isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum kotoense, on the proliferation of human hepatoma Hep G2 cells were studied. Under our experimental conditions, isoobtusilactone A was(More)
Isoobtusilactone A, a constituent isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum kotoense, has been demonstrated by us earlier to be an agent capable of inducing apoptotic cell death of Hep G2 cells. In order to clarify if caspases alone were the sole mediator for eliciting this apoptotic process, a broad caspases inhibitor, Z-VAD.fmk, was utilized to explore this(More)
Shikonin has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-cancer activity, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this report, we showed that the administration of shikonin could result in the induction of apoptotic cell death of human hepatoma cell line, SK-Hep-1. As evident by the flow-cytometric studies, shikonin has the capability of generating(More)