Chi-Liang Chern

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Excessive production of hydroxyl radicals in blood and liver has previously been demonstrated by us in rats with obstructive jaundice induced by common bile duct ligation (CBDL). In this study, we demonstrate overproduction of superoxide radicals in circulating blood of CBDL rats by the lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence technique. To pinpoint the(More)
Folate coenzymes are critical for de novo synthesis of purine and thymidine, and for interconversion of amino acids. Folate deficiency inhibits cellular proliferation, disturbs cell cycling, causes genetic damage and eventually results in cell death. Previously, we demonstrated that the demise of human hepatoma Hep G2 cells mediated by folate deficiency(More)
Methyl gallate (MG) has been shown to be an effective antioxidant in a variety of acellular experiments. Accordingly, this study was designed to assess the ability of MG, extracting from Toona sinensis to protect cultured Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated oxidative stress. Trolox, a cell permeable and(More)
The main goal of this study was to investigate the role of cadmium in the promotion of lipid peroxidation in the homogenates of rat testes and the effect of selenium on lipid peroxidation in testes of rats after cadmium injection. Treatment of rats with cadmium resulted in a time- and dose-related accumulation of the metal ions in testes. The concentrations(More)
Epidemics of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) caused by a variant of coxsackievirus A24 (CA24v) reappeared in Taiwan in 1990 and 1994, following the first two epidemics of 1985--86 and 1988--89. To analyze the genetic diversity of recent CA24v in Taiwan, 7 Taiwanese strains isolated during the 1990--94 period were studied together with one Japanese(More)
With the availability of an ultraweak chemiluminescence analyzer, it is possible to monitor the production of a specific oxygen-derived reactive species, such as hydroxyl radical ((*)OH), whenever a suitable chemiluminescent probe is obtainable. Reported herein is the development of a rapid and specific method for detecting (*)OH production using a specific(More)
Cadmium has been recognized as one of the most toxic environmental and industrial pollutants. The kidney is a critical target organ following Cd exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cadmium-induced peroxidative damage to rat kidney. Treatment of rats with Cd resulted in a time- and dose-related accumulation of metal in kidney.(More)
PURPOSE To understand the pathogenic evolution of viral keratoconjunctivitis in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, a retrospective molecular and clinical analysis was conducted. METHODS From January 1990 to December 1994, conjunctival swab samples from patients suspected of having viral conjunctivitis were collected for viral culture isolation, neutralization test (NT),(More)
Isoobtusilactone A, a constituent isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum kotoense, has been demonstrated by us earlier to be an agent capable of inducing apoptotic cell death of Hep G2 cells. In order to clarify if caspases alone were the sole mediator for eliciting this apoptotic process, a broad caspases inhibitor, Z-VAD.fmk, was utilized to explore this(More)
The mechanism of toxicity p-phenylenediamine (p-PD), a component of human permanent hair dye and a suspected carcinogen, on the growth of Mardin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK) was investigated. With the analysis of flow cytometry, a dose-dependent accumulation of the sub-G1 peak and the G0/G1-phase arrested in cell cycle, and time-dependent induction of(More)