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The aim of this study was to investigate whether fimasartan, a novel angiotensin II receptor blocker, modulates hemolysate-induced inflammation in astrocytes. We stimulated astrocytes with hemolysate to induce hemorrhagic inflammation in vitro. Astrocytes were pretreated with fimasartan and then incubated with hemolysate at different durations.(More)
OBJECTIVE Experimental studies have indicated that adipocytokines are associated with vascular diseases with regard to the pathology of atherosclerotic plaque. We hypothesized that the strength of the associations between adipocytokines and stroke would differ between ischemic stroke subtypes. METHODS A total of 96 acute ischemic stroke patients (within 5(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) improves tremor in Parkinson disease (PD). However, the patients included in those studies were unselected for tremor severity. OBJECTIVE We specifically assessed the effect of STN DBS on tremor in selected PD patients with severe tremor. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Reexpansion pulmonary edema (REPE) is known as a rare and fatal complication after tube thoracostomy. OBJECTIVES We investigated the risk factors for the development of REPE in patients with spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS We selected patients who were diagnosed with spontaneous pneumothorax and were initially treated with tube thoracostomy(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The CHADS(2) (an acronym for congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, and prior stroke or transient ischemic attack or thromboembolism) score is a widely used system for estimating the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, how the CHADS(2) score is related to stroke severity and(More)
Leptin, one of the most important adipokines, is not only an energy regulator but also a regulator of innate immunity. Inflammation plays a key role in the tissue damage after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and we sought to investigate whether leptin has a detrimental effect on ICH. After the injection of a high replacement dose (0.04 mg/kg) and two(More)
Fimasartan is a newly developed angiotensin receptor blocker, which may have protective effects during myocardial infarction or atherosclerosis. In this context, we investigated the effects of long-term treatment with low-dose fimasartan on focal ischemia in rat brain. We induced focal ischemia in brain by transient intraluminal occlusion of middle cerebral(More)
We report a case of 46-year-old male with simultaneous bilateral spontaneous tension pneumothorax. Severe reexpansion pulmonary edema developed after bilateral tube thoracoscomy, but he was recovered after 2 days ventilator care. After bilateral wedge resection and talc pleurodesis, he was discharged without complications and had remained well and without(More)
BACKGROUND Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. The pathogenesis of spontaneous CCF remains unclear, although sinus thrombosis is known to be a predisposing factor for dural arteriovenous fistula. Because spontaneous CCFs are mainly of the dural type, we considered that thrombogenic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The vertebral artery (VA) is important for the development of the transverse foramen (TF). Most studies of these structures have focused on anatomical anomalies. Therefore, we investigated quantitatively the association between the relative sizes of the TF and VA. METHODS We recruited a consecutive series of subjects who underwent(More)