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The PTH/PTHrP receptor binds to two ligands with distinct functions: the calcium-regulating hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and the paracrine factor, PTH-related protein (PTHrP). Each ligand, in turn, is likely to activate more than one receptor. The functions of the PTH/PTHrP receptor were investigated by deletion of the murine gene by homologous(More)
BACKGROUND Unlike the adult sleep related disordered breathing (SDB) patients who are typically obese, the relation between obesity and childhood SDB is not clear. AIMS To investigate whether obese children are more at risk of obstructive SDB when compared to normal population, and whether this risk is potentiated by the presence of pharyngeal lymphoid(More)
The present study was to ascertain the immunomodulating and anti-tumor effects of Ganoderma (G.) lucidum. Polysaccharides (PS) from fresh fruiting bodies of G. lucidum (PS-G) were isolated and used to potentiate cytokine production by human monocytes-macrophages and T lymphocytes. Our results had shown that the levels of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, tumor(More)
Capping is targeted to pre-mRNAs through binding of the guanylyltransferase component of the capping apparatus to the phosphorylated CTD of RNA polymerase II. We report that mammalian guanylyltransferase binds synthetic CTD peptides containing phosphoserine at either position 2 or 5 of the YSPTSPS heptad repeat. CTD peptides containing Ser-5-PO4 stimulate(More)
We have constructed a plasmid (pHE2) in which the synthetic human alpha- and beta-globin genes and the methionine aminopeptidase (Met-AP) gene from Escherichia coli are coexpressed under the control of separate tac promoters. The Hbs were expressed in E. coli JM109 and purified by fast protein liquid chromatography, producing two major components, a and b.(More)
OBJECTIVES Sleep-related injury is a serious but under-recognized condition. We examined the occurrence of sleep-related injuries and REM sleep behavior disorder (RSBD) in a community sample of elderly in Hong Kong. DESIGN A representative sample of elderly aged 70 years or above were interviewed with a screening question on the presence of sleep-related(More)
A hemoglobin expression system in Escherichia coli is described. In order to produce authentic human hemoglobin, we need to co-express both methionine aminopeptidase and globin genes under the control of a strong promoter. We have constructed three plasmids, pHE2, pHE4 and pHE7, for the expression of human normal adult hemoglobin and a plasmid, pHE9, for(More)
Lead exposure is considered to be a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. To investigate the relationship between lead and cardiovascular disease/hypertension in lead exposure, beta-adrenergic system is explored in this study. We address three topics in this study: (a) the relationship between beta-adrenergic receptor and lead level in heart, aorta, and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To define the metabolic profile relevant to vascular risks in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the role of leptin resistance in this risk profile. DESIGN Case control study. SETTING Sleep Laboratory, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, China. METHODS Thirty OSA subjects were matched with 30 non-OSA subjects for body mass(More)
Until recently mucin tandem repeat protein cores were believed to exist in random-coil conformations and to attain structure solely by the addition of carbohydrates to serine and threonine residues. Matsushima et al. (Proteins Struct. Funct. Genet., 7: 125-155, 1990) recently proposed a model of the secondary structure of proline rich tandem repeat proteins(More)