Chi-Kang Tseng

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Two novel yeast splicing factors required for spliceosome disassembly have been identified. Ntr1 and Ntr2 (NineTeen complex-Related proteins) were identified for their weak association with components of the Prp19-associated complex. Unlike other Prp19-associated components, these two proteins were primarily associated with the intron-containing spliceosome(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae splicing factors Ntr1 (also known as Spp382) and Ntr2 form a stable complex and can further associate with DExD/H-box RNA helicase Prp43 to form a functional complex, termed the NTR complex, which catalyzes spliceosome disassembly. We show that Prp43 interacts with Ntr1-Ntr2 in a dynamic manner. The Ntr1-Ntr2 complex can also(More)
Cwc25 has previously been identified to associate with pre-mRNA splicing factor Cef1/Ntc85, a component of the Prp19-associated complex (nineteen complex, or NTC) involved in spliceosome activation. We show here that Cwc25 is neither tightly associated with NTC nor required for spliceosome activation but is required for the first catalytic reaction. The(More)
The assembly of the spliceosome involves dynamic rearrangements of interactions between snRNAs, protein components, and the pre-mRNA substrate. DExD/H-box ATPases are required to mediate structural changes of the spliceosome, utilizing the energy of ATP hydrolysis. Two DExD/H-box ATPases are required for the catalytic steps of the splicing pathway, Prp2 for(More)
Nuclear pre-messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) splicing is an essential processing step for the production of mature mRNAs from most eukaryotic genes. Splicing is catalyzed by a large ribonucleoprotein complex, the spliceosome, which is composed of five small nuclear RNAs and more than 100 protein factors. Despite the complexity of the spliceosome, the chemistry of(More)
The DEAH-box ATPase Prp43 is required for disassembly of the spliceosome after the completion of splicing or after the discard of the spliceosome due to a splicing defect. Prp43 associates with Ntr1 and Ntr2 to form the NTR complex and is recruited to the spliceosome via the interaction of Ntr2 and U5 component Brr2. Ntr2 alone can bind to U5 and to the(More)
The non-coding RNA subunit of telomerase provides the template for telomerase activity. In diverse fungi, 3' end processing of telomerase RNA involves a single cleavage by the spliceosome. Here, we examine how human telomerase RNA (hTR) primary transcripts are processed into the mature form of precisely 451 nt. We find that the splicing inhibitor(More)
Splicing of nuclear pre-mRNA occurs via two steps of the transesterification reaction, forming a lariat intermediate and product. The reactions are catalyzed by the spliceosome, a large ribonucleoprotein complex composed of five small nuclear RNAs and numerous protein factors. The spliceosome shares a similar catalytic core structure with that of fungal(More)
Splicing of precursor mRNA occurs via two consecutive steps of transesterification reaction; both require ATP and several proteins. Despite the energy requirement in the catalytic phase, incubation of the purified spliceosome under proper ionic conditions can elicit competitive reversible transesterification, debranching, and spliced-exon-reopening(More)
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