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STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the spread of subarachnoid sensory block with hyperbaric bupivacaine in second trimester pregnant and non-pregnant women. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING University teaching hospital. PATIENTS 44 ASA physical status I and II women patients, 22 of whom were in their second trimester of pregnancy undergoing cervical(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the addition of 5 mg dexamethasone to 10 ml of 0.5% levobupivacaine on postoperative analgesic effects of ultrasound guided-interscalene brachial plexus block (ISBPB) in arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS In 60 patients scheduled for arthroscopic shoulder(More)
BACKGROUND Several methods are performed to control the pain after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, the transverse abdominis plane block has been proposed to compensate for the problems developed by preexisting methods. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block (US-TAP block) and(More)
Clinically evident metastases of carcinomas to the thyroid gland are rare, particularly from a colorectal primary tumor. We present a case of colonic adenocarcinoma metastatic to the thyroid gland with histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings. A 68-year-old woman with a history of Dukes' stage B colon carcinoma presented a mass in the thyroid gland.(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to explore the anatomy has improved our appreciation of the brachial anatomy and the quality of regional anesthesia. Using real-time ultrasonography, we investigated the cross-sectional anatomy of the brachial plexus and of vessels at the axillary fossa in Koreans. METHODS One hundred and thirty-one patients scheduled to undergo(More)
Several factors can affect the perioperative immune function. We evaluated the effect of propofol and desflurane anesthesia on the surgery-induced immune perturbation in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. The patients were randomly assigned to receive propofol (n = 20) or desflurane (n = 20) anesthesia. The total and differential white blood cell(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesic interaction between cannabinoids and local anesthetics has not been investigated. We sought to determine the nature of the interaction between the intrathecal cannabinoid receptor agonist (WIN 55,212-2) and bupivacaine using the formalin test. METHODS Lumbar intrathecal catheters were implanted in male Sprague-Dawley rats. After(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine if fentanyl-induced cough was dose-dependent in children and whether it could affect tracheal intubation. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. SETTING Operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS 160 ASA physical status I pediatric patients, aged two to 14 years, scheduled for elective(More)
Fat embolism syndrome is a rare and potentially lethal complication most commonly seen in long bone fractures and intramedullary manipulation. The clinical triad of fat embolism syndrome consists of mental confusion, respiratory distress, and petechiae. This study reports a case of cerebral fat embolism syndrome following elective bilateral total knee(More)
BACKGROUND In an axillary brachial plexus block (ABPB), where relatively large doses of local anesthetics are administered, levobupivacaine is preferred due to a greater margin of safety. However, the efficacy of levobupivacaine in ABPB has not been studied much. We performed a prospective, double-blinded study to compare the clinical effect of 0.375%(More)