Chi Hwa Han

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The serum lipoprotein high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is a ligand of scavenger receptors such as scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) and cluster determinant 36 (CD36), can act as a donor particle for intestinal lipid uptake into the brush border membrane (BBM). Both cholesterol and phospholipids are taken up by the plasma membrane of BBM(More)
Dioscorin, the storage protein of yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne) tuber (which is different from dioscorine found in tubers of Dioscorea hirsuta), was purified to homogeneity after DE-52 ion exchange column according to the methods of Hou et al. (J. Agric. Food Chem. 1999, 47, 2168-2172). A single band of 32 kDa dioscorin was obtained on a sodium dodecyl(More)
Activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, a superoxide-generating enzyme, involves assembly of cytosolic p47(phox), p67(phox), and rac with the membrane-associated cytochrome b(558). Following cell-free activation, enzymatic activity is highly labile [Tamura, M., Takeshita, M., Curnutte, J. T., Uhlinger, D. J., and Lambeth, J. D. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267,(More)
The methyltransferase that catalyzes the trimethylation of lysine 115 in calmodulin has been purified from sheep brain. The enzyme is a monomer with an apparent molecular weight of 38,000 on the basis of gel filtration chromatography and SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoresis. In the presence of calcium the methyltransferase exhibited a Km of 100 nM for(More)
Exchangeable serum apolipoproteins and amphipathic alpha-helical peptides are effective inhibitors of sterol (free and esterified cholesterol) uptake at the small-intestinal brush border membrane. The minimal structural requirement of an inhibitor is an amphipathic alpha-helix of 18 amino acids. The inhibition is competitive, indicating that the inhibitor(More)
An activation domain in p67(phox) (residues 199-210) is critical for regulating NADPH oxidase activity in cell-free system [10] To determine the steady state reduction of FAD, thioacetamide-FAD was reconstituted in gp91(phox), and the fluorescence of its oxidised form was monitored. Omission of p67(phox) decreased the steady state reduction of the FAD from(More)
Truncated forms of gp91(phox) were expressed in E. coli in which the N-terminal hydrophobic transmembrane region was replaced with a portion of the highly soluble bacterial protein thioredoxin (TRX). TRX-gp91(phox) (306-569), which contains the putative FAD and NADPH binding sites, showed NADPH-dependent NBT (nitroblue tetrazolium) reductase activity,(More)
Oxygen is essential to sustain life, but at a high partial pressure oxygen may cause toxicity to the human body. These injuries to the lung are known as hyperoxic acute lung injury [HALI]). To date, numerous studies have been conducted to investigate the pathogenesis of HALI, for which some hypotheses have been proposed. Accumulating evidence indicates that(More)
Calmodulin is trimethylated on Lys115 by a specific calmodulin methyltransferase. Previously, it was shown that the cam2 mutant (Ile136-->Thr) of Paramecium has a decreased level of methylated Lys115 [Lukas, T. J., Friedman, M. W., Kung, C. & Watterson, D. M. (1989) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 86, 7331-7335]. To investigate how this substitution affects(More)
Hyperoxia induced lung injury (HILI) refers to the acute lung injury secondary to prolonged exposure to hyperoxia at elevated partial pressure. With the advent of efficient systems for delivery of high concentrations of oxygen in hospitals, the population at risk for this condition has been markedly increased. Although numerous studies have been conducted(More)