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The thermal Fischer indolization of hydrazones resulting from 4-hydrazino-5-methyl-1H-pyridin-2-one and various beta- and alpha-tetralones led to 4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-2H,5H-pyrido[4,3- b]benzo[e]indol-1-ones and 4-methyl-11-dihydro-2H,5H-pyrido[4,3- b]benzo[g]indol-1-ones, respectively. After aromatization, these compounds were transformed by phosphorus(More)
4-(Arylthio)-pyridin-2(1H)-ones variously substituted in their 3-, 5-, and 6-positions have been synthesized as a new series of 1-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]-6-(phenylthio)thymine (HEPT)-pyridinone hybrid molecules. Biological studies revealed that some of them show potent HIV-1 specific reverse transcriptase inhibitory properties. Compounds 16 and 7c, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Based on molecular modeling studies, a model has been proposed for intercalation of triple-helix-specific ligands (benzopyridoindole (BPI) derivatives) into triple helices, in which the intercalating compounds interact mainly with the Hoogsteen-paired strands of the triple helix. We set out to test this model experimentally using DNA duplexes(More)
A benzo[e]pyridoindole derivative, 3-methoxy-7H-8-methyl-11-[(3'-amino)propylamino] -benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole (BePI), and its interactions with double and triple-helical DNA have been investigated by a variety of fluorescence, spectrophotometric, hydrodynamic and molecular modeling techniques. Binding to DNA stabilizes the doubly charged (+2) form of(More)
Using previously described techniques, various new 1-amino-substituted 5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indoles (gamma-carbolines, gamma-C) and 5H-benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indoles (BPI) have been synthesized and evaluated. For known compounds containing a 1-[(dimethylamino)propyl] group, 1a and 1b in the gamma-C series and 2 in the BPI series are the most active. Studies with(More)
The prevalence of alternative splicing as a target for alterations leading to human genetic disorders makes it highly relevant for therapy. Here we have used in vitro splicing reactions with different splicing reporter constructs to screen 4,000 chemical compounds for their ability to selectively inhibit spliceosome assembly and splicing. We discovered(More)
Intoplicine (RP 60475, NSC 645008) is an antitumor derivative in the 7H-benzo[e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole series which is now being tested in clinical trials. Intoplicine strongly binds DNA (KA = 2 x 10(5) M-1) and thereby increases the length of linear DNA. These properties are consistent with DNA unwinding by intoplicine. Intoplicine was found to be a dual(More)
A triple helix is formed upon binding of an oligodeoxynucleotide to the major groove of duplex DNA. A benzo[e]pyridoindole derivative (BePI) strongly stabilized this structure and showed preferential binding to a triplex rather than to a duplex. Energy transfer experiments suggest that BePI intercalates within the triple helix. Sequence-specific inhibition(More)
Removal of 3'-azido-3'deoxythymidine (AZT) 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine 5'-monophosphate (AZTMP) from the terminated primer mediated by the human HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) has been proposed as a relevant mechanism for the resistance of HIV to AZT. Here we compared wild type and AZT-resistant (D67N/K70R/T215Y/K219Q) RTs for their ability to unblock the(More)
The development of multidrug-resistant viruses compromises antiretroviral therapy efficacy and limits therapeutic options. Therefore, it is an ongoing task to identify new targets for antiretroviral therapy and to develop new drugs. Here, we show that an indole derivative (IDC16) that interferes with exonic splicing enhancer activity of the SR protein(More)