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Expression at the mRNA level of ten selected genes in Agrobacterium sp. ATCC 31749 under various dissolved oxygen (DO) levels during curdlan fermentation related to electron transfer chain (ETC), tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, peptidoglycan/lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis, and uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucose biosynthesis were determined by qRT-PCR.(More)
To determine the factors influencing the resulting molecular weight of polysialic acid (PSA), batch fermentations by using Escherichia coli were conducted. It was found that temperature and pH were significant factors affecting the PSA production and its resulting molecular weight. When pH was set at 6.4, temperature of 37 °C was suitable for cell growth(More)
The effect of osmotic pressure on erythritol and mannitol production by an osmophilic yeast strain of Yarrowia lipolytica CICC 1675 using glycerol as the sole carbon source was investigated. Appropriately high osmotic pressure was found to enhance erythritol production and inhibit mannitol formation. A novel two-stage osmotic pressure control fed-batch(More)
Salt-tolerant yeasts are very important for the flavor formation in soy sauce fermentation production. A halophilic aromatic yeast was isolated on the basis of the molecular biological and metabolic functions from soy sauce. The ITS nucleotide sequence alignment method was used to identify the strain as Candida etchellsii by subjecting the sequence to(More)
Effective production of arachidonic acid (ARA) using Mortierella alpina was conducted in a 30-L airlift bioreactor. Varying the aeration rate and temperature significantly influenced cell morphology, cell growth, and ARA production, while the optimal aeration rate and temperature for cell growth and product formation were quite different. As a result, a(More)
A significant problem in scale-down cultures, rarely studied for metabolic characterization and curdlan-producing Agrobacterium sp. ATCC 31749, is the presence of dissolved oxygen (DO) gradients combined with pH control. Constant DO, between 5% and 75%, was maintained during batch fermentations by manipulating the agitation with PID system. Fermentation,(More)
Mild hydrolysis of Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 polysaccharide WL-26 afforded a new oligosaccharide, F21. Structural resolution based on sugar and methylation analyses as well as NMR data revealed the oligosaccharide to have the following structure: [Formula, see text:].
Curdlan is a water-insoluble β-(1,3)-glucan produced by Agrobacterium species under nitrogen-limited condition. Its heat-induced gelling properties render curdlan to be very useful in the food industry initially. Recent advances in the understanding of the role curdlan plays in both innate and adaptive immunity lead to its growing applications in(More)
Various induction strategies were investigated for effective porcine interferon-α (pIFN-α) production by Pichia pastoris in a 10 L fermenter. We found that pIFN-α concentration could be significantly improved with the strategies of low-temperature induction or methanol/sorbitol co-feeding. On this basis, a combinational strategy of induction at lower(More)