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BACKGROUND Glutamine (GLN) has been reported to improve clinical and experimental sepsis outcomes. However, the mechanisms underlying the actions of GLN remain unclear, and may depend upon the route of GLN administration and the model of acute lung injury (ALI) used. The aim of this study was to investigate whether short-term GLN supplementation had an(More)
Seniority of Authorship is shared among the first three authors. Abstract The world is moving toward efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Net emission reduction efforts may involve the agricultural sector through options such as planting of trees, crop and livestock management changes, and production of biofuels. However, such options can be(More)
—A new-design methodology for the design of optimal spread-spectrum sequences for asynchronous code-division multiple acces (A-CDMA) and chip-synchronous CDMA (CS-CDMA) systems is proposed. We derive general results on the partial auto-correlation function of the optimal spreading sequences for CS-CDMA and A-CDMA systems with respect to the minimization of(More)
Based on stochastic calculus, we provide a rigorous formulation for the numerical evaluation of the error probabilities of two modulation techniques for the chaotic Lorenz communication system with AWGN disturbance. These results provide further understanding on the robust synchronization ability of the Lorenz system to noise. The synchronization robustness(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to compare virulence among different Aeromonas species causing bloodstream infections. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Nine of four species of Aeromonas blood isolates, including A. dhakensis, A. hydrophila, A. veronii and A. caviae were randomly selected for analysis. The species was identified by the DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Patients infected with Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) show severe inflammatory responses characterised by the upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), an upstream proinflammatory regulator, increases the inflammation caused by sepsis. Whether MIF regulates responses to V. vulnificus infection and(More)
The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of crude oil price on global fertilizer prices in both the mean and volatility. The endogenous structural breakpoint unit root test, ARDL model, and alternative volatility models, including GARCH, EGARCH, and GJR models, are used to investigate the relationship between crude oil price and six global(More)
The Kyoto Protocol represents the first international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Proposed mitigation efforts may involve the agricultural sector through such options as planting trees, crop and livestock management changes, and biofuels production. The combined use of these strategies could substantially reduce net emissions of carbon(More)