Chi-Cheng Chiu

Learn More
Amyloid formation has been implicated in the pathology of over 20 human diseases, but the rational design of amyloid inhibitors is hampered by a lack of structural information about amyloid-inhibitor complexes. We use isotope labelling and two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy to obtain a residue-specific structure for the complex of human amylin (the(More)
A coarse-grained intermolecular potential has been parametrized for phenyl-based molecules. The parametrization was accomplished by fitting to experimental thermodynamic data. Specifically, the intermolecular potentials, which were based on Lennard-Jones functional forms, were parametrized and validated using experimental surface tension, density, and(More)
Amyloid formation is implicated in more than 20 human diseases, yet the mechanism by which fibrils form is not well understood. We use 2D infrared spectroscopy and isotope labeling to monitor the kinetics of fibril formation by human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP or amylin) that is associated with type 2 diabetes. We find that an oligomeric intermediate(More)
The human islet amylin polypeptide is produced along with insulin by pancreatic islets. Under some circumstances, amylin can aggregate to form amyloid fibrils, whose presence in pancreatic cells is a common pathological feature of Type II diabetes. A growing body of evidence indicates that small, early stage aggregates of amylin are cytotoxic. A better(More)
The physical properties of nanoscale materials often vary with their size, unlike the corresponding bulk material properties, which can only be changed by modifying the material composition. In particular, it is believed that hydration phenomena are length scale dependent. The manifestation of hydrophobicity over multiple length scales plays a crucial role(More)
Many potential applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) require that they be isolated from one another. This may be accomplished through covalent or noncovalent SWNT functionalization. The noncovalent approach preserves the intrinsic electrical, optical, and mechanical properties of SWNTs and can be achieved by dispersing SWNTs in aqueous(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have unique properties and are projected to have a major impact in nanoscale electronics, materials science, and nanomedicine. Yet, these potential applications are hindered by the need for sample purification to separate SWNTs from each other and from metallic catalyst and amorphous carbon present in as-synthesized(More)
Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are important metalloenzymes which protect cells against oxidative stress by scavenging reactive superoxides. Missense mutations in SODs are known to lead to some familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and several forms of cancers. In the present study, we investigate the guanidinium hydrochloride (GdnHCl)-induced(More)
The localization of nanoparticles (NPs) at fluid/fluid interfaces has emerged as an effective self-assembly method. To understand the fundamentals of this localization mechanism, it is necessary to quantify the physical behavior of NPs in the vicinity of a fluid interface. Conventional theories treat the NP as a rigid object whose equilibrium position is(More)
Infrared spectroscopy is playing an important role in the elucidation of amyloid fiber formation, but the coupling models that link spectra to structure are not well tested for parallel β-sheets. Using a synthetic macrocycle that enforces a two stranded parallel β-sheet conformation, we measured the lifetimes and frequency for six combinations of doubly(More)