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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in electrode insertion trauma (EIT) and to test the otoprotective effect of locally delivered AM-111. STUDY DESIGN An animal model of cochlear implantation. METHODS Guinea pigs' hearing thresholds were measured by auditory brainstem response (ABR) before and after cochlear(More)
The cochlear implant (CI) is the first effective treatment for deafness and severe losses in hearing. As such, the CI is now widely regarded as one of the great advances in modern medicine. This article reviews the key events and discoveries that led up to the current CI systems, and we review and present some among the many possibilities for further(More)
Role of 5-HT3 receptors in cholinergic hypofunctional models of cognitive impairment in the elevated plus maze model and a passive avoidance model is studied. Cognitive impairment was caused by scopolamine (1 mg/kg, ip) in mice and 5-HT3 ligands mCPBG (1 and 5 mg/kg, ip) and ondansetron (0.5 and 5 mg/kg, ip) were administered before the pre-learning phase(More)
2-Arylaminoquinoxalines were prepared by the condensation of 2-chloroquinoxaline with the appropriate Mannich bases in the presence of HCl. To synthesize the Mannich bases, 4-acetamidophenol was reacted with formaldehyde and dialkylamine to yield 3-[(dialkylamino) methyl]-4-hydroxyacetanilide, followed by hydrolysis. Antimalarial activities of the new(More)
This study presents a novel in vitro model of electrode insertion trauma-induced hair cell (HC) damage and loss and its application for testing the efficacy of otoprotective drugs. In the cochlear implant (CI) procedure as a treatment for profound deafness, an electrode array is surgically inserted to provide electrical stimulation to the auditory nerve.(More)
This review covers the most recent clinical and surgical advances made in the development and application of cochlear implants (CIs). In recent years, dramatic progress has been made in both clinical and basic science aspect of cochlear implantation. Today's modern CI uses multi-channel electrodes with highly miniaturized powerful digital processing chips.(More)
BACKGROUND Gentamicin is a widely used antibiotic, which causes hearing loss because of destruction of auditory hair cells. Mannitol has been shown to have cytoprotective properties in the cochlea both in vitro and in vivo. Mannitol has been shown to be safe in concentrations up to 100 mM in organ of Corti explants. It is proposed as an otoprotective agent(More)
Cochlear implants are currently the most effective solution for profound sensorineural hearing loss, and vestibular prostheses are under development to treat bilateral vestibulopathies. Electrical current spread in these neuroprostheses limits channel independence and, in some cases, may impair their performance. In comparison, optical stimuli that are(More)
HYPOTHESIS Mannitol has otoprotective effects against tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α-induced auditory hair cell (HC) loss. BACKGROUND Mannitol has been demonstrated to possess cytoprotective effects in several organ systems. Its protective effect on postischemic hearing loss has also been shown. Mannitol's otoprotective mechanism and site of action are at(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the effectiveness of short interfering RNA against Bax (Bax siRNA) as a treatment for tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-induced auditory hair cell (HC) loss in rat organ of Corti (OC) explants. STUDY DESIGN Basic science. SETTING Basic science laboratory, University of Miami Ear Institute. METHODS Organ of Corti explants dissected from(More)