Chhavi Agarwal

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The Hybrid Monte Carlo method developed for attenuation correction has been extended for 500 ml cylindrical geometry. The method has been experimentally validated. Absolute efficiency studies for 500 ml aqueous, air and point source has been carried out using Monte Carlo simulation. It has been observed that point source efficiency is a good estimate of 500(More)
The self-diffusion coefficients (SDCs) of Na(+), Cs(+), and Ba(2+) have been determined in Nafion-117 membrane having mixed cationic compositions. Membranes with different proportions of Na(+)-Cs(+), Cs(+)-Ba(2+), Na(+)-Ba(2+), and Ag(+)-Ba(2+) cations have been prepared by equilibrating with solutions containing different ratios of these cations. The SDCs(More)
Interference of high amount of americium in the plutonium isotopic composition analysis has been studied by simulating gamma-ray spectra for Am-Pu samples over a wide composition range (5-97% (241)Am) for both power and research reactor grade plutonium. An alternate way for isotopic composition analysis has been proposed by correlating the isotopic ratios(More)
The transport characteristics of multivalent cations like Ba(2+) and Eu(3+) have been studied in bi-ionic form of the Nafion-117 membrane. The membranes have been prepared by loading different proportions of H(+)-Ba(2+)/Mg(2+)-Ba(2+)/Ba(2+)-Eu(3+)/H(+)-Eu(3+)/Na(+)-Eu(3+). The cationic compositions of the membranes have been determined from the measured ion(More)
Studies on isotopic and ion-exchange kinetics of mercury ions in Nafion-117 membrane have been carried out with (203)Hg radiotracer in the presence of Cl(-) and NO(3)(-) in solution. The results of isotopic-exchange kinetics indicate that mercury ions diffuse into the membrane as monovalent cation from HgCl(2) solution while as divalent ion from(More)
In the present work, a method for determination of uranium concentration in aqueous solution in standard geometry from attenuating samples has been developed based on modification of the empirical approach of Venkataraman and Croft [2003. Determination of plutonium mass using gamma-ray spectrometry. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 505, 527-530]. The(More)
Isotopic composition of dilute Pu solutions (1-3900μg/mL) has been determined by analysis of HPGe detector response function in the 90-105keV region of gamma ray spectra. Results are in excellent agreement with that obtained from mass spectrometric measurements. The present method has been successfully applied for samples of low Pu concentrations, which(More)
Pore-filled membranes with scintillating properties have been synthesized for sensing α-emitting radionuclides. The membranes have been prepared by in situ UV-initiator-induced polymerization of monomer bis[2-(methacryloxy)ethyl] phosphate in pores of the host membranes, poly(propylene) and poly(ethersulfone). The polymerization has been carried out in the(More)
Temperature dependence study of the self-diffusion coefficient of Cs(+) ion in dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB18C6) modified Nafion-117 (Cs-Naf-CR) was carried out in the temperature range of 50-65 °C. Temperature dependence of water diffusion in Cs-Naf-CR was also studied to understand the mechanism of cation and water transport in the membrane. Because of the very(More)
The Hybrid Monte Carlo (HMC) method developed earlier for attenuation correction of non-collimated samples [Agarwal et al., 2008, Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 597, 198], has been extended to the segmented gamma ray assay of cylindrical samples. The method has been validated both experimentally and theoretically. For experimental validation, the results of HMC(More)
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