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Human enterovirus 71 (EV-71) is one of the major etiologic causes of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) among young children worldwide, with fatal instances of neurological complications becoming increasingly common. Global VP1 capsid sequences (n = 628) sampled over 4 decades were collected and subjected to comprehensive evolutionary analysis using a(More)
The last decade witnessed a significant increase in epidemic activity of human enterovirus 71 (EV71) in the Western Pacific Region (WPR). In most European countries, this risk is unrecognized despite occasional cases of severe disease and two severe outbreaks in Eastern Europe 30 years ago. In this study we report the first examination of the molecular(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects approximately 3% of the world population. The current standard of care for treatment of HCV is a combination of pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Approximately 10% of patients will stop treatment and 30% of patients require dose reduction because of side effects. For genotype 1 HCV-infected patients, only 40%(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis in children under the age of 5 years worldwide. It is well recognised that rotavirus can cause signs and symptoms beyond the gastrointestinal tract, including neurological manifestations such as encephalopathy. Mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a(More)
Polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) has recently emerged as an important cause of allograft failure following renal transplantation. The BK virus is the most important polyomavirus associated with this condition. The mainstay of therapy for PVAN is a prompt immunosuppressive dose reduction in conjunction with careful monitoring for BK viraemia. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the carrier rate, prevalence and susceptibility to hepatitis B virus infection in the city of Taiz, Yemen. METHODS In a community-based household survey 521 subjects from 98 randomly selected households were enrolled. Carrier rate, prevalence and susceptibility of hepatitis B virus infection in the city of Taiz, Yemen were examined.(More)
Since its discovery in the 1970s, enterovirus 71 (EV71) has become one of the most pathogenic enterovirus serotypes causing recurrent outbreaks in different parts of the world. Three waves of outbreaks globally have been recorded over the last three decades and more recently active circulation of EV71 is evident amongst countries in South East Asia and(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term effect of viral infections on graft dysfunction and rejection after renal transplantation is uncertain. METHODS A cohort of 37 renal transplant recipients was followed prospectively for 3 years. Creatinine clearance rate at 6 months and 3 years and chronic allograft nephropathy were correlated with the detection of cytomegalovirus(More)
Two organ recipients developed serologic evidence of syphilis infection after renal transplantation from a common deceased donor with a history of treated syphilis. Testing of donor serum for syphilis, which occurred after transplantation, gave results interpreted as consistent with past infection. However, subsequent serologic results in the recipients(More)