Cheuk W. Kan

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The ability to detect single protein molecules in blood could accelerate the discovery and use of more sensitive diagnostic biomarkers. To detect low-abundance proteins in blood, we captured them on microscopic beads decorated with specific antibodies and then labeled the immunocomplexes (one or zero labeled target protein molecules per bead) with an(More)
Amyloid β (Aβ) peptides are proteolytic products from amyloid precursor protein (APP) and are thought to play a role in Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis. While much is known about molecular mechanisms underlying cerebral Aβ accumulation in familial AD, less is known about the cause(s) of brain amyloidosis in sporadic disease. Animal and postmortem(More)
We have developed a method that enables the multiplexed detection of proteins based on counting single molecules. Paramagnetic beads were labeled with fluorescent dyes to create optically distinct subpopulations of beads, and antibodies to specific proteins were then immobilized to individual subpopulations. Mixtures of subpopulations of beads were then(More)
Disease detection at the molecular level is driving the emerging revolution of early diagnosis and treatment. A challenge facing the field is that protein biomarkers for early diagnosis can be present in very low abundance. The lower limit of detection with conventional immunoassay technology is the upper femtomolar range (10(-13) M). Digital immunoassay(More)
The quantitative measurement of inflammatory cytokines in blood has been limited by insufficient sensitivity of conventional immunoassays. This limitation has prevented the widespread clinical monitoring of cytokine concentrations in chronic inflammatory diseases. We applied a sensitive, single molecule detection technology to measure TNF-α and IL-6 in the(More)
We report a method for combining the detection of single molecules (digital) and an ensemble of molecules (analog) that is capable of detecting enzyme label from 10(-19) M to 10(-13) M, for use in high sensitivity enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). The approach works by capturing proteins on microscopic beads, labeling the proteins with enzymes(More)
We report a system and assay for performing fully-automated measurement of 6 proteins simultaneously with single molecule sensitivity. The system combines handling of samples, reagents, and consumables, with a module for imaging single molecule arrays (Simoa) to enable immunoassays that have high sensitivity (~fg/mL), are multiplexed, and are(More)
We report a method for isolating individual paramagnetic beads in arrays of femtolitre-sized wells and detecting single enzyme-labeled proteins on these beads using sequential fluid flows in microfabricated polymer array assemblies. Arrays of femtolitre-sized wells were fabricated in cyclic olefin polymer (COP) using injection moulding based on DVD(More)
Nucleic acid amplification techniques have become the mainstay for ultimate sensitivity for detecting low levels of virus, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). As a sophisticated technology with relative expensive reagents and instrumentation, adoption of nucleic acid testing (NAT) can be cost inhibited in settings in which access to extreme(More)
In this article, we report the development of chitosan/miconazole nitrate microcapsules. Four miconazole nitrate ratios including 12.5, 25, 50 and 100 mg were performed in the chitosan-based microencapsulation system. Chitosan microcapsules with the drug input of 25 mg showed the highest encapsulation efficiency (52.47%) and acceptable mean particle size(More)
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