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BACKGROUND The interleukin-2-mediated immune response is critical for host defense against infectious pathogens. Cytokine-inducible SRC homology 2 (SH2) domain protein (CISH), a suppressor of cytokine signaling, controls interleukin-2 signaling. METHODS Using a case-control design, we tested for an association between CISH polymorphisms and susceptibility(More)
It is often necessary to include WHO group 5 drugs in the treatment of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) and fluoroquinolone-resistant multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). As clinical evidence about the use of group 5 drugs is scarce, we conducted a systematic review using published individual patient data. We searched PubMed and OvidSP(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of tuberculous infection and active tuberculosis (TB) in old age homes in Hong Kong and to determine whether there is institutional transmission in these homes. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Old age homes. PARTICIPANTS Total of 2,243 residents, representing 84.6% of all residents in 15 old age homes; 1,698 were(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and tuberculin skin test (TST) reaction in predicting the development of active tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN A follow-up study. SETTING Old age homes. PARTICIPANTS Three thousand six hundred five residents who took part in a screening program for TB and had two-step TST using two units of(More)
We evaluated treatment with linezolid, dosed at 800 mg once daily for 1 to 4 months as guided by sputum culture status and tolerance and then at 1,200 mg thrice weekly until ≥ 1 year after culture conversion, in addition to individually optimized regimens among 10 consecutive patients with extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis or fluoroquinolone-resistant(More)
A prospective population-based molecular and conventional epidemiological study of 65.4% of bacteriologically confirmed cases of tuberculosis was carried out on the island of Hong Kong from May 1999 to Oct 2000 by the IS6110-based restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Eleven of the isolates had five or fewer bands; 24.5% of the remaining 691(More)
This study evaluated conventional methods, GLC and three molecular tests, including 16S rRNA sequencing, for the identification of mycobacteria, and the experiences of the authors with the integration of these methods into a diagnostic clinical laboratory were also recorded. Of 1067 clinical isolates of mycobacteria identified by conventional tests, 365(More)
BACKGROUND Hong Kong is an affluent subtropical city with a well-developed healthcare infrastructure but an intermediate TB burden. Declines in notification rates through the 1960s and 1970s have slowed since the 1980s to the current level of around 82 cases per 100 000 population. We studied the transmission dynamics of TB in Hong Kong to explore the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the transmission of tuberculosis using conventional and molecular epidemiology in Hong Kong. METHODS All patients with positive sputum culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis residing on the Island of Hong Kong were recruited from May 1999 to April 2002. The restriction fragment length polymorphism technique was used to determine DNA(More)
Sarcoidosis is rarely reported in Hong Kong. We report cutaneous and pulmonary sarcoidosis in a 54-year-old Chinese woman, who presented with papular lesions over the face and neck. She had silicone breast augmentation surgery 4 years earlier. Skin biopsy revealed granulomatous inflammation and anti-tuberculosis treatment was started empirically but stopped(More)