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The anaphylatoxin C3a is an important immune regulator with a number of distinct functions in both innate and adaptive immunity. Many of these roles have been ascribed to C3a based on studies in mice genetically modified to lack its precursor, C3, or its receptor, C3aR. However, other presumed functions of C3a are based on results obtained with a recently(More)
MK-0674 is a potent and selective cathepsin K inhibitor from the same structural class as odanacatib with a comparable inhibitory potency profile against Cat K. It is orally bioavailable and exhibits long half-life in pre-clinical species. In vivo studies using deuterated MK-0674 show stereoselective epimerization of the alcohol stereocenter via an(More)
Newborn infants are more susceptible to infections due in part to deficiencies in the cytotoxic functions of their lymphocytes. We investigated the ability of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-12 to enhance the cytotoxicity of neonatal (cord blood) and adult mononuclear cells (MNCs) in both natural killer (NK) cell and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity(More)
We have examined the effects of very pure (greater than 99.8%) chemically synthesized leukotriene B4 of verified structure on the chemotactic and secretory behavior of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). The synthetic material is highly chemotactic and shows the same concentration dependence of this activity as does natural LTB4. Synthetic LTB4 is(More)
L-656,224 (7-chloro-2-[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-5-propyl-4-benzofuranol) was a potent inhibitor of leukotriene biosynthesis in intact rat and human leukocytes and CXBG mastocytoma cells (IC50 values, 18-240 nM) and of crude human leukocyte and highly purified porcine leukocyte 5-lipoxygenase (IC50 value, 4 X 10(-7) M). The selectivity of L-656,224(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been implicated in the regulation of the insulin signaling pathway and represents an attractive target for the design of inhibitors in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Inspection of the structure of PTP1B indicates that potent PTP1B inhibitors may be obtained by targeting a secondary aryl(More)
A primary amine analog of compound 48/80 (nor-48/80) was purified and attached to Sepharose beads through an albumin link. Suspensions of rat peritoneal cells were passed over the beads in an affinity chromatography column, and the proportion of the mast cells that was retained by the beads was determined. Sixty-seven percent of the mast cells were found to(More)
The trifluoroethylamine group found in cathepsin K inhibitors like odanacatib can be replaced by a difluoroethylamine group. This change increased the basicity of the nitrogen which positively impacted the log D. This translated into an improved oral bioavailability in pre-clinical species. Difluoroethylamine compounds exhibit a similar potency against(More)