Chetna Singh

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The main contributory factors of Parkinson's disease (PD) are aging, genetic factors, and environmental exposure to pesticides and heavy metals. CYP2D22, a mouse ortholog of human CYP2D6, is expected to participate in a chemically induced PD phenotype due to its structural resemblance with CYP2D6. Despite its expected participation in PD, its expression in(More)
  • Ashutosh Kumar, Israr Ahmad, +4 authors Chetna Singh
  • Free radical research
  • 2010
Oxidative stress is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). Metallothioneins (MT), cytochrome P450 IIE1 (CYP2E1) and glutathione S-transferases alpha4-4 (GSTA4-4) are involved in oxidative stress-mediated damage. Altered dopamine transporter (DAT) and vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT-2) are also documented in PD. The present study was undertaken to(More)
Accumulation of zinc (Zn) in dopaminergic neurons is implicated in Parkinson’s disease (PD), and microglial activation plays a critical role in toxin-induced Parkinsonism. Oxidative stress is accused in Zn-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration; however, its connection with microglial activation is still not known. This study was undertaken to elucidate the(More)
The effect of coexposure to lead and cadmium (each 50 ppm alone and 25 ppm in combination) on the testes of rats and the preventive role of zinc (50 ppm) was investigated by administering these metals through drinking water. Male weaned albino rats were exposed to these metals for 120 days. Testicular histology, sperm counts and sperm motility were studied(More)
Lead administration (250, 500, 1000, and 2000 ppm, as lead acetate) in drinking water during fetal development (from 15 to 20 days of gestation), in normal and iron-deficient pregnant rats, revealed dose-dependent increases in the lead content of maternal blood that was more marked in iron-deficient animals. The placentae and fetuses did not show a(More)
Long-term exposure to cypermethrin induces the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration in adult rats and its pre-exposure in the critical periods of brain development enhances the susceptibility during adulthood. Monoamine transporters, xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and oxidative stress play critical roles in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic(More)
An association between excessive zinc (Zn) accumulation in brain and incidences of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been shown in several epidemiological and experimental investigations. The involvement of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and glutathione (GSH) in the pathogenesis of PD has also been proposed in a few studies. Despite(More)
Oxidative stress is one of the major players in the pathogenesis of maneb (MB) and paraquat (PQ)-induced disorders. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), a glutathione (GSH) precursor and silymarin (SIL), a naturally occurring antioxidant, encounter oxidative stress-mediated cellular damage. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of NAC and SIL against(More)
Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the manifestations of maneb (MB) and paraquat (PQ)-induced toxicity including MB+PQ-induced Parkinson's disease (PD). Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) actively participate in the oxidative stress-mediated inflammation and organ toxicity. The present study was undertaken to investigate the MB- and/or PQ-induced(More)
The study was undertaken to investigate the effect of zinc (Zn) on glutathione S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutases (SOD) activities and on the expressions of cytosolic Cu, Zn-SOD (SOD1), mitochondrial Mn-SOD (SOD2), γ-glutamyl cysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the nigrostriatal tissue of rats. Additionally, Zn-induced(More)