Chetna Singh

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Long-term exposure to cypermethrin induces the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration in adult rats and its pre-exposure in the critical periods of brain development enhances the susceptibility during adulthood. Monoamine transporters, xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and oxidative stress play critical roles in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic(More)
An association between excessive zinc (Zn) accumulation in brain and incidences of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been shown in several epidemiological and experimental investigations. The involvement of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and glutathione (GSH) in the pathogenesis of PD has also been proposed in a few studies. Despite(More)
Epidemiological evidence revealed that cigarette smokers and coffee drinkers have lower risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nicotine inhibits monoamine oxidase activity, and induces expression of neurotrophic factors and nicotinic acetylcholinergic receptors. However, caffeine is capable of antagonizing adenosine A(2A) receptor. Toxicant responsive enzymes(More)
The main contributory factors of Parkinson's disease (PD) are aging, genetic factors, and environmental exposure to pesticides and heavy metals. CYP2D22, a mouse ortholog of human CYP2D6, is expected to participate in a chemically induced PD phenotype due to its structural resemblance with CYP2D6. Despite its expected participation in PD, its expression in(More)
Accumulation of zinc (Zn) in dopaminergic neurons is implicated in Parkinson’s disease (PD), and microglial activation plays a critical role in toxin-induced Parkinsonism. Oxidative stress is accused in Zn-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration; however, its connection with microglial activation is still not known. This study was undertaken to elucidate the(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most unconcealed neurodegenerative disorder labelled with motor impairments. Two pesticides, manganese ethylene-1,2-bisdithiocarbamate (maneb) and 1,1′-dimethyl-4,4′-bipyridinium dichloride (paraquat), together, are reported to increase the incidence of PD in humans and Parkinsonism in mice. Conversely, silymarin and(More)
Clinical evidences showing zinc (Zn) accumulation in the post-mortem brain of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients and experimental studies on rodents chronically exposed to Zn suggested its role in PD. While oxidative stress is implicated in Zn-induced neurodegeneration, roles of inflammation and apoptosis in degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic(More)
Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1), glutathione-S-transferase A4-4 (GSTA4-4), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) are implicated in maneb- and paraquat-induced toxicity leading to various pathological conditions. The study aimed to investigate the role of CYP2E1 in maneb- and paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and(More)
The study aimed to investigate the role of NO and neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) in Zn-induced neurodegeneration. Animals were treated with zinc sulfate (20 mg/kg), twice a week, for 2–12 weeks along with control. In a few sets, animals were also treated with/without a NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), or S-nitroso-N-acetyl penicillamine (SNAP) for 12(More)
Inflammation is decisive in zinc (Zn)-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration; however, the contribution of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is not yet known. The present study aimed to explore the role of COX-2 in Zn-induced Parkinsonism and its association with the microglial activation. Male Wistar rats were treated intraperitoneally (i.p.) with Zn(More)