Chetna Mittal

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Nitric oxide gas (NO) increased guanylate cyclase [GTP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC 4.6.1.2] activity in soluble and particulate preparations from various tissues. The effect was dose-dependent and was observed with all tissue preparations examined. The extent of activation was variable among different tissue preparations and was greatest (19- to(More)
The objective of these investigations was to study the regulatory properties of brain constitutive NO synthase. NOS activity was determined in 18,000 X g supernatant by conversion of 3H-L-arginine to 3H-L-citrulline in the presence of NADPH. The expression of catalytic activity of NOS required the presence of calcium ion and calmodulin. The preincubation of(More)
Sodium nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, sodium azide and hydroxylamine increased guanylate cyclase activity in particulate and/or soluble preparations from various tissues. While sodium nitroprusside increased guanylate cyclase activity in most of the preparations examined, the effects of sodium azide, hydroxylamine and nitroglycerin were tissue specific.(More)
Partially purified soluble rat liver guanylate cyclase [GTP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC 4.6.1.2] was activated by superoxide dismutase (superoxide: superoxide oxidoreductase, EC 1.15.1.1). This activation was prevented with KCN or glutathione, inhibitors of superoxide dismutase. Guanylate cyclase preparations formed superoxide ion. Activation by(More)
Sodium azide, hydroxylamine, and phenylhydrazine at concentrations of 1 mM increased the activity of soluble guanylate cyclase from rat liver 2- to 20-fold. The increased accumulation of guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate in reaction mixtures with sodium azide was not due to altered levels of substrate, GTP, or altered hydrolysis of guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate(More)
Highly purified rat lung soluble guanylate cyclase was activated with nitric oxide or sodium nitroprusside and the degree of activation varied with incubation conditions. With Mg2+ as the action cofactor, about 2- to 8-fold activation was observed with nitric oxide or sodium nitroprusside alone. Markedly enhanced activation (20-40 fold) was observed when 1(More)