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This study was designed to evaluate the in vitro effects of transition heavy metal cations on activity of constitutive isoform of nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) in rat brain. NOS activity was determined in the cytosolic fractions of rat cerebral hemispheres by conversion of 3H-L-arginine to 3H-L-citrulline. Different concentrations of mercury (Hg2+), nickel(More)
Nitric oxide gas (NO) increased guanylate cyclase [GTP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC 4.6.1.2] activity in soluble and particulate preparations from various tissues. The effect was dose-dependent and was observed with all tissue preparations examined. The extent of activation was variable among different tissue preparations and was greatest (19- to(More)
The broad objective of these studies was to understand the nature of cyclic GMP system and the mechanism(s) whereby hormone, autacoids and drugs alter this signal in various physiological systems. Studies were undertaken on the modulation of guanylate cyclase activity by oxygen-radicals/nitric oxide and the mechanism(s) of generation of nitric oxide by(More)
Sodium nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, sodium azide and hydroxylamine increased guanylate cyclase activity in particulate and/or soluble preparations from various tissues. While sodium nitroprusside increased guanylate cyclase activity in most of the preparations examined, the effects of sodium azide, hydroxylamine and nitroglycerin were tissue specific.(More)
Partially purified soluble rat liver guanylate cyclase [GTP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC 4.6.1.2] was activated by superoxide dismutase (superoxide: superoxide oxidoreductase, EC 1.15.1.1). This activation was prevented with KCN or glutathione, inhibitors of superoxide dismutase. Guanylate cyclase preparations formed superoxide ion. Activation by(More)
The interferon (IFN) sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A protein is controversially implicated in determining IFN-alpha-sustained viral response for HCV genotype 1-infected patients. Because the NS5A protein interferes with protein kinase antiviral activity, this study attempted to determine whether ISDR amino acid(More)
Sodium azide, hydroxylamine, and phenylhydrazine at concentrations of 1 mM increased the activity of soluble guanylate cyclase from rat liver 2- to 20-fold. The increased accumulation of guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate in reaction mixtures with sodium azide was not due to altered levels of substrate, GTP, or altered hydrolysis of guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate(More)