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The aim of this review is to introduce the reader to various science and policy aspects of the topic of environmental chemicals in human milk. Although information on environmental chemicals in human milk has been available since the 1950s, it is only relatively recently that public awareness of the issue has grown. This review on environmental chemicals in(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional wisdom regarding exposures to persistent organic chemicals via breast-feeding assumes that concentrations decline over the course of lactation and that the mother's body burden reflects her cumulative lifetime exposure. Two important implications stemming from these lines of thought are, first, that assessments of early childhood(More)
The presence of environmental chemicals in breast milk has gained increased attention from regulatory agencies and groups advocating women's and children's health. As the published literature on chemicals in breast milk has grown, there remains a paucity of data on parameters related to infant exposure via breast-feeding, particularly those with a(More)
The aims of this descriptive study were to examine the prevalence and associations of coprophenomena (involuntary expression of socially unacceptable words or gestures) in individuals with Tourette syndrome. Participant data were obtained from the Tourette Syndrome International Database Consortium. A specialized data collection form was completed for each(More)
We studied 17 preterm infants receiving caffeine, and measured their plasma levels of caffeine and the theophylline metabolite by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The half-life was calculated by computer analysis using the least-square method. The mean gestational age of our patients was 29.7 +/- 1.9 weeks (mean +/- SD) and they were studied at 20.7 +/-(More)
Women in the United States have breast milk concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) that are among the highest in the world, leading to concerns over the potential health implications to breastfeeding infants during critical stages of growth and development. Developing cost-effective and sustainable methods for assessing chemical exposures(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if a single application of a vapor rub (VR) or petrolatum is superior to no treatment for nocturnal cough, congestion, and sleep difficulty caused by upper respiratory tract infection. METHODS Surveys were administered to parents on 2 consecutive days--on the day of presentation when no medication had been given the previous(More)
In spite of significant exposure to drugs and chemicals through breast milk, there are very few reports of documented adverse effects on the infant. It is perhaps appropriate to consider that the presence of drugs and chemicals in milk may have a positive effect on developmental processes of the young infant. New experimental techniques coupled with(More)