Cheston M. Berlin

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The aim of this review is to introduce the reader to various science and policy aspects of the topic of environmental chemicals in human milk. Although information on environmental chemicals in human milk has been available since the 1950s, it is only relatively recently that public awareness of the issue has grown. This review on environmental chemicals in(More)
An infant with lactic acidosis and developmental delay had neuropathological changes consistent with Leigh's necrotizing encephalomyelopathy. Total pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) activity was low relative to controls in lymphocytes (0.2 versus 1.9 +/- 0.6 SD nmol/min/mg protein) and cultured skin fibroblasts (0.9 versus 2.7 +/- 1.0). Liver, muscle,(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the effects of a single nocturnal dose of buckwheat honey or honey-flavored dextromethorphan (DM) with no treatment on nocturnal cough and sleep difficulty associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infections. DESIGN A survey was administered to parents on 2 consecutive days, first on the day of presentation when no(More)
To develop a guide to clinical assessment and pharmacotherapy for children and adults with Tourette syndrome (TS), we reviewed published literature over the past 25 years to identify original articles and reviews on the assessment and pharmacological treatment of Tourette syndrome, attention—deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive—compulsive(More)
There is continuing emphasis by many professionals and organizations on the importance of breastfeeding as optimal infant nutrition. Pediatricians are frequently asked about the safety of medications taken by the nursing mother and the risk to the infant. Most drugs and many chemicals will be transferred into milk. For a vast majority of these compounds,(More)
The presence of environmental chemicals in breast milk has gained increased attention from regulatory agencies and groups advocating women's and children's health. As the published literature on chemicals in breast milk has grown, there remains a paucity of data on parameters related to infant exposure via breast-feeding, particularly those with a(More)
Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used analgesic and antipyretic, but its disposition in human milk has not yet been reported. Twelve nursing mothers (nursing two to 22 months) were given a single 650-mg peroral dose of APAP. Simultaneous saliva and milk samples were collected at zero, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 12, and 24 hours after maternal dosing. In(More)
Neonatal hyperphenylalaninaemia caused by mutations in the gene encoding phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) represents a wide spectrum of metabolic phenotypes, ranging from classical phenylketonuria (PKU) to mild hyperphenylalaninaemia (MHP). The marked interindividual heterogeneity is due to the expression of multiple PAH mutations in genetic compounds. We(More)