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Penicillium marneffei infection is an important emerging public health problem, especially among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus in the areas of endemicity in southeast Asia, India, and China. Within these regions, P. marneffei infection is regarded as an AIDS-defining illness, and the severity of the disease depends on the immunological(More)
BACKGROUND Penicillium marneffei is a pathogenic fungus that afflicts immunocompromised individuals having lived or traveled in Southeast Asia. This species is unique in that it is the only dimorphic member of the genus. Dimorphism results from a process, termed phase transition, which is regulated by temperature of incubation. At room temperature, the(More)
Penicillium marneffei is a thermally dimorphic fungus that is a highly significant pathogen of immune compromised persons living or having traveled in Southeast Asia. When cultured at 25°C, the wild-type strain of P. marneffei exhibits a mycelial morphology that is marked by the development of specialized structures bearing conidia. Incubation of the wild(More)
Penicillium marneffei is a significant pathogen of AIDS patients in Southeast Asia. This fungus is unique in that it is the only dimorphic member of the genus. Pathogenesis of P. marneffei requires the saprobic mold form to undergo a morphological change upon tissue invasion. The in vivo form of this fungus reproduces as a fission yeast that capably evades(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that converts superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide and oxygen molecules. SOD has been shown to contribute to the virulence of many human-pathogenic fungi through its ability to neutralize toxic levels of reactive oxygen species generated by the host. SOD has also been speculated to be important in the(More)
This research validates a novel approach for source tracking based on denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of DNA extracted from Escherichia coli isolates. Escherichia coli from different animal sources and from river samples upstream from, at, and downstream of a combined sewer overflow were subjected to DGGE to determine sequence(More)
Penicillium marneffei is a facultative intracellular pathogen that causes common opportunistic infection in AIDS patients in Southeast Asian countries. The pathogen can usually survive and replicate inside the phagosome of macrophages, and is also found extracellularly in blood smears or host tissue. Surviving within the alveolar macrophage is a primary key(More)
Penicillium marneffei is an intracellular dimorphic fungus that can cause a fatal disseminated disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. The factors that affect the pathogenicity of this fungus remain unclear. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of the gpdA cDNA and genomic clones encoding glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate(More)
Penicillium marneffei is a dimorphic fungus that can cause disseminated mycosis, especially in AIDS patients. The role of heat shock proteins and stress response-related proteins in P. marneffei remains unknown. In this study, we isolated a cDNA encoding for heat shock protein 30 (Hsp30) of P. marneffei using an antibody screening method. The DNA sequence(More)
The subcellular location of a protein is a key factor in determining the molecular function of the protein in an organism. MetazSecKB is a secretome and subcellular proteome knowledgebase specifically designed for metazoan, i.e. human and animals. The protein sequence data, consisting of over 4 million entries with 121 species having a complete proteome,(More)