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The failing heart is characterized by impaired cardiac muscle function and increased interstitial fibrosis. Our purpose was to determine whether the functional impairment of the failing heart is associated with changes in levels of mRNA encoding proteins that modulate parameters of contraction and relaxation and whether the increased fibrosis observed in(More)
To investigate the mechanism of impaired myocardial function after long-term pressure overload, we studied cardiac muscle mechanical contraction and intracellular calcium transients using the bioluminescent indicator aequorin. Left ventricular papillary muscle preparations were examined from three groups of rats: 1) aging spontaneously hypertensive rats(More)
Studies of hemodynamics and intrinsic left ventricular myocardial function are carried out to investigate the transition from stable hypertrophy to cardiac decompensation in the aging (18-24 months) spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Echocardiographic data in awake animals demonstrate increased end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes and depressed(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis is commonly found in association with cardiac hypertrophy and failure, but the relation of the connective tissue response to the development of impaired cardiac function remains unclear. We examined passive myocardial stiffness, active contractile function, and fibrosis in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), a model of chronic(More)
We have observed that many spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) between the ages of 18 and 24 mo develop findings suggestive of heart failure, including pleural and pericardial effusions, left atrial thrombi, and right ventricular hypertrophy. Isolated left ventricular papillary muscle function was studied in these animals (SHR-F), in age-matched SHRs(More)
We studied functional and intracellular calcium responses to treppe and extracellular calcium in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) hearts during the transition from compensated pressure overload to failure. Intracellular calcium was measured using aequorin, a bioluminescent Ca2+ indicator. Experiments were performed with intact, isovolumically(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine whether the ameliorative effects of microtubule depolymerization on cellular contractile dysfunction in pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy apply at the tissue level. BACKGROUND A selective and persistent increase in microtubule density causes decreased contractile function of cardiocytes from cats with hypertrophy(More)
Left ventricular isovolumic stress development and metabolic parameters were studied in 18-24-month-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat controls using the isolated, isovolumic (balloon in left ventricle) buffer-perfused rat heart preparation. After WKY rats and all SHRs were compared, SHRs were divided into two(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to test the hypothesis that reperfusion induced arrhythmias are associated with major alterations in intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) regulation. METHODS Intracellular calcium, epicardial electrical potentials, and isovolumetric left ventricular pressure were simultaneously recorded in isolated perfused intact rat hearts during(More)
We studied the effects of brief periods (20-30 min) of hypoxia in the presence of 5 and 50 mM glucose and of glycolytic blockade (10(-4) M iodoacetic acid, IAA) on action potentials, membrane currents, and mechanical activity in rat ventricular papillary muscles using a single sucrose gap voltage-clamp technique. Steady-state outward current (iss) was(More)