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BACKGROUND Radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer is frequently associated with delayed gastrointestinal (GI) recovery that prolongs hospital length of stay (LOS). OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of alvimopan to accelerate GI recovery after RC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS We conducted a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in(More)
Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer and ranks eighth as a cause of death from cancer among men in the United States. Although guidelines assist in treatment, the art of managing bladder cancer, such as the decision to use neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the timing of cystectomy, is still variable. Bladder cancer has a propensity to recur, and with(More)
PURPOSE Radical cystectomy has a significant rate of morbidity and it is important to elucidate the factors that contribute to this risk. Obesity is a major problem in the United States and is associated with increased health hazard. Morbid obesity may even preclude definitive surgical treatment. This study examines the impact of body mass index (BMI) on(More)
BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been adequately measured in bladder cancer. A recently developed reliable and disease-specific quality of life instrument (Bladder Cancer Index, BCI) was used to measure urinary, sexual, and bowel function and bother domains in patients with bladder cancer managed with several different(More)
OBJECTIVES Prostate capsule sparing cystectomy has been performed in conjunction with orthotopic diversion to preserve sexual function and improve urinary control. Because concerns remain regarding incomplete surgical resection, we evaluated the risk of urothelial and prostate cancer in a series of patients undergoing radical cystoprostatectomy. METHODS A(More)
PURPOSE Some groups hypothesize that a delay in cystectomy may result in higher pathological stage and possibly alter survival in patients with bladder cancer. The timing of this delay has been somewhat arbitrary. We evaluated the timing from T2 bladder cancer diagnosis to cystectomy, its impact on survival and potential causes of delay. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Black patients are at greater of risk of death from bladder cancer than white patients. Potential explanations for this disparity include a more aggressive phenotype and delays in diagnosis resulting in higher stage disease. Alternatively, black patients may receive a lower quality of care, which may explain this difference. METHODS Using(More)
CONTEXT The urinary reconstructive options available after radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer are discussed, as are the criteria for selection of the most appropriate diversion, and the outcomes and complications associated with different diversion options. OBJECTIVE To critically review the peer-reviewed literature on the function and oncological(More)
PURPOSE Prior phase II studies of intravesical gemcitabine have shown it to be active and well tolerated, but durable responses in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer who have experienced recurrence after bacillus Calmette-Guérin treatment are uncommon. We performed a multi-institutional phase II study within the SWOG (Southwest Oncology Group)(More)
PURPOSE Broadened applications of imaging modalities have increased the incidental detection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) over the past decade. Previous small series have suggested a prognostic benefit for incidental presentation. This study utilizes a large contemporary patient cohort to examine patterns of RCC presentation and their clinical(More)