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Stressors produce rapid activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which typically resolves within 60-90 min following termination of the stressor. In addition, some stressors such as inescapable tailshock (IS) also produce elevated basal levels of corticosterone (CORT), and reduced serum levels of corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG). The(More)
These studies investigated autoregulation of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein expression and activation in rat brain using western blot methodology. By comparing GR immunoblot reactivity present in various tissue subcellular preparations we were able to discriminate between corticosterone-induced changes in GR activation or GR protein expression. Our(More)
Acute stressor exposure alters immune function. Rats exposed to inescapable tail shock stress (IS) generate less antibody to a benign, antigenic protein, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). The following studies examined the effect of IS on peritoneal cavity, spleen, and mesenteric lymph node cell number, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production, and nitrite(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of OtoScan CO2 laser-assisted myringotomy (OtoLAM ESC/Sharplan) for acute otitis media and chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) in children. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review of 47 children with refractory acute otitis media (RAOM) or COME more than 3 months in duration in a pediatric otolaryngology practice.(More)
The treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa remains a challenging problem. The virulence of Pseudomonas is related to its secretion of two matrix metalloproteinases, alkaline protease and elastase. This experiment examines the effects of a synthetic inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases GM 6001, or(More)
Type I thyroplasty has become a primary surgical choice for voice restoration in patients with glottal incompetence. This study examines factors associated with laryngeal complications after type I thyroplasty. Ten laryngoscopic variables were analyzed from preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative videolaryngoscopies of 51 patients undergoing 58(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the treatment, perioperative management, and outcome of infants who underwent repair of congenital tracheal stenosis. We hypothesized that early resection and tracheoplasty with early weaning of ventilatory support results in less mucosal injury, and thus better outcome. DESIGN Retrospective study from 1986 to 1996. SETTING(More)
Chronic otitis media is a common problem associated with a nonintact tympanic membrane frequently involving Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The virulence of Pseudomonas bacteria is related to the production of two matrix metalloproteinases, elastase and alkaline protease. Serine proteases, such as neutrophil elastase, are produced by the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence and severity of sinus abnormalities in children undergoing computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses for suspected chronic sinusitis. To compare these findings with abnormalities noted on random CT scans. METHODS Sixty CT scans, performed for evaluation of sinus disease in symptomatic children aged 2-12, were compared(More)
Human parvovirus B19 (HP-B19), the etiologic agent of the common childhood illness erythema infectiosum, has been implicated in systemic immune disorders. Patients presenting with sensorineural hearing loss and/or dizziness, not readily categorized, were evaluated for immune-mediated inner ear disease. Appropriate serologic studies including parvovirus B19(More)